Purdue spring 2023 academic calendar

Georgia Tech OMS Computer Science

2013.10.09 14:11 jeffbg123 Georgia Tech OMS Computer Science

Check out the course line-up at omscs.ga or tinyurl.com/gt-omscs. Search and read the Orientation Document or risk getting trolled!

2011.01.04 01:09 The University of Wisconsin - Madison

A subreddit for students, faculty, alumni, or anyone that considers themselves a Badger and the University of Wisconsin - Madison their home. On, Wisconsin!

2010.02.18 19:44 tomatohs Rutgers University

The official subreddit for Rutgers University RU RAH RAH

2023.06.04 16:55 FlatCapWolf Pub Quiz

With Paul Jenner.
Find out more about the venue here.
Miltons Tap, 63 Spring Gardens, Buxton SK17 8BJ, UK
June 4, 2023 at 08:00PM
June 4, 2023 at 09:00PM
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2023.06.04 16:51 Tales_From_The_Loop Planetary Assault Systems @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023

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2023.06.04 16:50 Tales_From_The_Loop Planetary Assault Systems @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023

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2023.06.04 16:50 Tales_From_The_Loop [TECHNO] Planetary Assault Systems - Awakenings Spring Festival 2023

[TECHNO] Planetary Assault Systems - Awakenings Spring Festival 2023 submitted by Tales_From_The_Loop to mixes [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:49 Tales_From_The_Loop Planetary Assault Systems @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023

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2023.06.04 16:49 Andoni95 N5 from zero in 30 days (Reflections, methodologies, and pedagogy)

N5 from zero in 30 days (Reflections, methodologies, and pedagogy)


I started learning Japanese on March 22 2023. At the time of writing, It has been about 70-80 days since. Currently I would place myself at N4 level (now studying N3). I became very inspired to study Japanese after (a) visiting Niseko (Hokkaido) and (b) reading a post on Reddit about someone who claims to pass N1 from zero in 8.5 months.
The purpose of this post is to offer (a) alternative perspectives to learning Japanese, (b) prove that it is possible to learn quickly, (c) challenge some of the existing recommendations. This post is part one out of eight articles detailing my journey to N1 from zero in 8 months. Disclaimer, this post will be very long and ranty!
This post will cover some of the study techniques and experiments I’ve conducted for the first month, as well as the results of my experimentation and insights. As for the elephant in the room, I’m currently studying N3 after 60+ days into my Japanese learning journey. I’m sure many are skeptical or might presume that I have bad mastery of N5 and N4 content, but by the end of the post, I’m confident that I would have responded to them. This post is not created to discouarge anyone >< I just wanted to see if my studying tips can inspire or resonate with other people.

Prior Knowledge

I started watching anime since Naruto. I think that was 15 years ago. I’m not particularly obsessed with Japanese culture but I do follow the mainstream anime like Bleach, Tokyo Ghoul, My Hero Academia, Attack on Titan, and most recently Demon Slayer. So I do possess 15 years of acclimatising to the sound of Japanese anime speech. However my Vocab is very limited. I know how to count from 1-99, konnichiwa and itadakemasu, and a couple more words that I might remember if I was prompted. I also know the hand signs from Naruto. Apart from that, I consider myself truly zero in Japanese knowledge.

While your brain can only hold 7-9 items in the short term memory at once, it does not mean you cannot study more than 9 items in a day.

I see most people on Reddit recommending 15-20 new cards on Anki. Personally I think this pace is way too slow, especially for the beginner. Most typical N5 vocab deck would have about 600-700 cards. 15cards/day means that it would take 40-50 days just to see all the cards. I also came across a study that says our short term brain cannot store more than 9 items at a time. This would seem to support support the recommendation of 15-20 vocabulary cards a day. While reading Moonwalking with Einstein, a book on the capabilities of the human memory, I read about a story of a guy who could draw the landscape of New York with shocking precision after flying pass the city on a helicopter once. The book also hinted at the idea that we possess some form of photographic memory.
And so, i tried to do about 50-100 new cards a day. Within 10 days, I’ve seen all the N5 Vocab. Around day 15 or so, i became concerned that cramming so many words in a day would mean that the retention rate will be low. So I tested myself on those 700 words and I think I got about 85% correct.
Personally i was very happy with that score. I thought I could do a lot worse. So clearly, trying to learn 100 new cards a day wasn’t detrimental to retention rate (I will address my thoughts on burnout on a later point). What is happening?
My hypothesis is that while we can’t store more 6-9 items in our short term memory, it doesn’t mean that when we study our 10th,11th, 20th or 100th item, our brain would completely reject the input. You are still imprinting something onto the brain. What this means is that while you should not expect to see a word once and remember it forever, it says nothing about the upper limit of how many words you can simultaneously start on the first stage of the SRS system. We all know that SRS takes time to turn short term memory into long term memory. It could take weeks or a few months. But if we can start 100 words on the SRS system vs 15-20 words, and there is no significant cost to doing more words, then starting 100 new cards a day will bring us to our destination much faster.

Self-fulfilling prophecy

When you read about many people agreeing that 15-20 new Anki card a day is a good pace, or that it takes 300-500 hours to pass N5, then it sets the expectation of what is normal. The reason I was able to Master N5 in approximately 150-200 hours and learn all its vocab a couple of weeks is because I did not pay attention to what other people can achieve.

How I use Anki

From my survey on Reddit, it seems that people get overwhelm by the amount of reviews on Anki. And I think this reveals that the are doing reviews differently from how I do it.
When I do my Anki reviews, I only entertain two state of minds when marking the flash cards. The first is I know the answer (the answer pops into my brain instantaneously) and the second is I don’t know the answer (mind is blank). I do not try to recall the answer. Recalling takes time. If I try to recall the answer, it might take me upwards of a minute or two to remember it (and even then, I might still be wrong). Instead i like my Anki reviews to be snappy. It feels like I take about a fraction of a second to answer my Anki cards, although the Anki statistics tells me that I take 4second per card. Still fast either way. At 4s/card I can do 900 reviews in one hour.
Next is how I use Easy, Good, Again and Hard. The rule of thumb is to be more liberal than strict. I try to use Easy, instead of Good as much as I can because I don’t want my reviews to pile up. I almost never use Hard even if I get the card completely wrong. Speaking of reviews pilling up, we need to define what marking an Anki item as Good or Easy means to me.
For a lot of people it means aiming for perfection. That means that the person only click Easy or Good if his answer exactly matches the back side of the card. For myself I set an extremely low bar, as long the vague feeling of what I think the answer is somewhat matches the answer on the back side, I’m happy to give it a Good at least. Why? Because it’s the nature of Anki or SRS system to return cards you previously click Easy and Good. I don’t have to worry about being too forgiving on myself and being ignorant about the fact because I can always count on the card to return eventually. And if I a card I previously marked as Good, came back, and feels difficult, I would then make a mental note to study it in greater detail. Secondly, a lot of the 700 words in a typical N5 vocab deck are so common that you will encounter them all the time in the wild. This is called organic or natural SRS. If you are strict on your Anki at this stage, it can be quite an overkill in hindsight. Of course it may not feel like an overkill in the beginning because you are still gettting cards wrong.

Burnt out


Okay what about burnout. Surely I might be overdoing it, and wouldn’t burnout eventually catch up to me. Yes and no. I think the phenomenon of burnout is highly exaggerated. I don’t like to use the word burnt out whenever I’m feeling “burnt out” because it has a lot of negative connotations and because negative connotations can lead to self-fulfilling prophecies. Instead, I prefer to use the phrase, “I’m tired now”. I kind of compare myself to Shonen protagonists where there’s this big villain coming up and then some special training to level up. The special training is usually quite intense, and sometimes dangerous, and they will eventually be quite tired by the end of the training. But these protagonists always reemerge stronger with new abilities and can now overcome stronger foes.
Similarly, whenever I study too much, I would just acknowledge that I’m tired, watch some anime and something different. I’m usually okay by the next morning. I attribute my ability to resist burn out my thoughts and attitude.

Consistency, multimodality learning, and resourcefulness

Okay the N1 tango book is really too difficult for me. I bought it thinking i could get a headstart on N1 while concurrently studying N3. Its just too much at this point.
I only believe in one kind of consistency, and that is that you have to show up almost every day. But I don’t believe in the kind of consistency that requires me to be on a 365-day Anki/wanikani/immersion streak. This is also one factor that helps to protect burn out. When I feel like doing textbook learning, that’s what I’m going to do. If want to do pure Bunpro and Anki for the next 3 days without reading any textbook, that’s what I’ll do.
I also believe in the idea of multimodality learning. I use everything at my disposal:
All the textbooks (Genki, Minna no nihongo, Tae Kim)
YouTube videos (Misa ammo, game gengo, tokiniandy)
Doing active immersion with anime
Changing my phone language to Japanese (this one unfortunately is a bad advice. I recommend to stay away from this if you are still at N5)
Instagram and TikTok accounts of Japanese tutors
Websites (tofugu, human Japanese, Japanese tutors’ blogs)
Apps (wanikani, language reactor, bunpro)
Japanese grammar dictionaries
Assessment books
Discord or Reddit or forums
Japanese classes
There’s often this debate on which is better, Genki vs Minna vs Tae kim. If cost or ability to procure them is not an issue, why not use all of them? It’s okay to have one source as your primary source. Mine was Genki 1. But when I wanted to understand a nuance that Genki does not explain well enough, I’ll usually consult my other sources. And if I’m bored of Genki, I can easily switch to Tae Kim, for a change of scenery. If I don’t feel like reading, Misa or Tokiniandy is there for me.
My observation is that many people are usually only using one modality to acquire a new skill. This is causing their journey to be unnecessarily monotonous.

Sloppy learning and conjugations

One very integral component of the Japanese language is conjugation. It’s especially important for the N5. Conjugations can allow you to express many meaning in Japanese. Learning how to conjugate accurately is going to be a struggle for any beginner(think godan and ichidan verbs and conjugating to masu, te, negative forms, etc).
A lot of Japanese textbook and assessment will make you do drills. I skipped all of them. Rather than trying to brute force your way to memorizing conjugations I employ a technique called sloppy learning(this phrase is borrowed from “Japan Like A Breeze” on patreon). I define sloppy learning as learning just enough to acquire the essence of the concept.
For example, ,whether the verbs is in its polite form, short form, negative form or past tense form etc, can be easily recognised by looking at the last few syllabus of a word. If a words end on a “ta”, it must be past tense form. If it ends on a “masu” it must be the polite/long form. This concept can literally be understood in 5 mins.
Thus for me. When conjugating oyogu (泳ぐ)into past tense form, I just conjugate it as oyogu-ta (oyogu +ta) Or sometimes oyota. Now oyota is wrong of course. But that’s all I need at this stage. I desire to understand Japanese, not to get full marks on conjugation drill table. You must always try to look at the big picture. Trying to do well on conjugation drills is an opportunity cost. Ultimately one needs to judge what is worth spending effort on. Hence the idea of sloppy learning is to be deliberate about what to focus on.
Once I can consistently remember that masu means polite and ta meant past, this is where I try to conjugate them correctly. Conjugations is difficult because they all don’t behave like ru verbs. You cannot simply drop the ru at the end of a word and append ta or masu to them. Oyogu for example doesn’t even have a ru ending.
The path I chose was to hope that I can organically (I like this word a lot, but it also sometimes means magically) , know how to conjugate correctly one day. And to a certain extent I acquired some intuition on conjugations without any active involvement from my part. I soon became aware that if a word ends in a gu or a ku, then instead of a ta, it might be ita or ida.
The break through came on day 35. When I couldn’t endure the fact that I wasn’t able to magically acquire conjugation intuition for free. So i goggled “why are godan verbs conjugate the way they are”. And Tofugu came to the rescue.
Essentially they introduced three concepts (a) double consanent with small tsu, (b) assimilation with n, and (c)consonant removal. After that article, conjugating became a breeze. In hindsight, my ability to conjugate only costed me the time to read one tofugu article (and one month of passively intuiting the conjugation patterns) Because I did not spend time on conjugation drills, i was able to progress to the other grammatical points in Genki 1. I didn’t remain stuck in one place for too long.And this is another aspect of sloppy learning. You learn just enough to move on to the next level, you don’t aim for perfection.
Your brain can’t do everything at once. Your brain cannot remember that masu means polite form, and all the rules for conjugating verbs to masu in one sitting. If you try to do that, you can remain stuck, despite already understanding the general idea of conjugation. Better to move on and let the intuition develop. If you judge that the intuition is not going to progress or progress quickly enough, you can always intervene later by supplementing with new knowledge.

Mnemonics when I get something wrong too often

Often there will be a vocab or grammar point that I always can’t seem to latch on. No vague feelings, no guesses, just an empty mind. When this happens, it can be a scary feeling. It may feel like you are not good enough.
Really the solution is very simple. Just add one more inferential step. When I first encountered the word bengoshi(弁護士) , my mind does not produce any intuition or pictures or feelings. What I did was to create a mnemonic, a story. How to relate a lawyer to the sound ben go shi? I managed to came up with “when the judge announces his judgement, the bench(jury) goes “shhhh””Sorry, I know it’s really bad. But when I created that story, bengoshi never stumped me again.I’ve seen a lot of criticism of mnemonics that I don’t agree with
  1. ‘they are not for me”>>I’ve seen people said that Anki is not for me. Srs is not for me. While I believe in individual differences and effectiveness in different methodologies, I feel that sometimes people decide too quickly what is or isn’t for them. What is optimal may first have a learning curve in the beginning. And instead of saying that something is not for me and moving on to the next thing, we need to consider if it isn’t we ourselves that should change to make it fit for us.
  2. “If I’m trying to memorize something, how does adding more things to remember help. Now I not only have to remember the word, but I need to remember the story to remember the word.”>> Between a story and a random string of number “89779012879” , the brain can remember the short story more easily than the string of number despite the story consisting of more words. It’s just how our brain works.

On active immersion

Active immersion means trying to pick up words or trying to understand what is being said in Japanese media like anime or novels. Passive immersion means enjoying the content without really worrying about improving your Japanese.
On day 21 I tried active immersion with Weathering with You. I came to the conclusion that active immersion is not efficient for the new learner. I can imagine myself doing a lot of sentence mining and active immersion in the future (spoiler, I’m now on day 70-80 and I’m immersing a lot more now). But definitely a hard no for me to recommend new comers as the only and primary form of learning Japanese.

Why textbook learning and structural learning is important for fast gains.

Textbook learning is great for fast gains because it prioritises for you. Textbooks are not prepared by a random person. They are usually prepared while respecting certain pedagogical principles in mind by a team of qualified academics. While appealing to authority doesn’t make it correct, we should at least be cognisant that the textbooks might be doing a few things right.
One of those pedagogical principles is incremental or progressive learning. Building knowledge upon what was previously learnt.
Another principle is foundational concepts. A textbook will usually introduce foundational concepts that act as a scaffold for everything else as early as possible. And because textbook learning is progressive, it means that the difficulty is always going to feel just about right. In active immersion the difficulty can be wild because it does not respect your level of Japanese proficiency.

Completing N5 in 30 days.

In this 30 days, I was not only learning Japanese, but also learning how to learn. They call it building a plane while flying it hahahah. The principles outlined here helped me to finish N5 content at an insane rate. I was spending about 6-8 hours a day on Japanese (in chunks). So one point not stated here is time. There's no way around time investment.
On the 30th day I did a lot of mock tests and I performed quite well (80-90% correct).When I started on N4 on day 31, I was really surprised by the bump in difficulty. I gave myself 30 days to clear N4. That was the hardest 30 days in my Japanese learning journey. I’m fact I had a better time when I was studying for N3 on day 65 onwards. In my next post I’ll share why N4 was harder than N5 and N3 for me and share some more insights. Hope this has been helpful in offering new perspectives. Thank you for reading this long rant of mine.
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2023.06.04 16:49 Tales_From_The_Loop Planetary Assault Systems @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023

submitted by Tales_From_The_Loop to technomusic [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:49 Tales_From_The_Loop Planetary Assault Systems @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023

Planetary Assault Systems @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023 submitted by Tales_From_The_Loop to TechnoLiveSets [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:47 Tales_From_The_Loop Jesse Maas @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023

Jesse Maas @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023 submitted by Tales_From_The_Loop to House [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:46 Tales_From_The_Loop Jesse Maas @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023

Jesse Maas @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023 submitted by Tales_From_The_Loop to deephouse [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:45 Tales_From_The_Loop Jesse Maas @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023

Jesse Maas @ Awakenings Spring Festival 2023 submitted by Tales_From_The_Loop to tech_house [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:39 ed_3023 this is my freshman nursing fall schedule for this upcoming year, and i was looking for any tips or advice on how best manage my time and study

this is my freshman nursing fall schedule for this upcoming year, and i was looking for any tips or advice on how best manage my time and study submitted by ed_3023 to ucf [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:36 ThaRealMrRogers Almost ready for this mega just need a few more candies to max!!

Almost ready for this mega just need a few more candies to max!! submitted by ThaRealMrRogers to pokemongo [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:20 RanOutOfNicknames99 [UK]: Sheffield University ads on trading courses and careers: how misleading?

Sheffield University in the UK has been running ad campaigns on its courses in finance.

‘Trading is an incredibly exciting career’: how Sheffield Hallam is giving students a shot at top jobs in finance
Lecturer Damion Taylor says the financial industry is beginning to open up and recruit from a wider group of graduates. His groundbreaking trading course aims to show companies the flair and aptitude of those from less traditional backgrounds

I get it that every ad has an element of exaggeration and bull***tting, but this is really taking it to the extreme:
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2023.06.04 16:19 EarthRoamer5642 2023/2024 academic year admissions?

I am researching universities to apply to and am unsure of what 2023/2024 academic year means.
For degree programmes that refer to the 2023/2024 academic year, would the starting date be in 2023 or 2024?
Thank you in advance
submitted by EarthRoamer5642 to University [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:18 Clueless_in_Florida The Two Logan Allens

The Two Logan Allens
You've got to be careful if you're thinking of picking up any Logan Allen cards. As some fans already know, Cleveland drafted two guys named Logan Allen just a few years apart. The eldest of the two is no longer in the Cleveland organization, but his first cards are going to have him in the Indians jersey. The younger Logan Allen is probably the one some fans will be interested in. He's started his big-league career quite well. After 8 starts, he has a 2.78 ERA. That's the best among rookies.
The younger Logan Allen doesn't have many cards in print right now. Panini issued some cards, including autos. My preference is not to buy Panini cards. He was included in 2020 Bowman Draft. But there's no auto card. It's just parallels and stuff. I suppose we'll see in Update when that releases in the late summer.
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2023.06.04 16:14 Kalki_from_Shambhala My research so far

I’m not slow-boiling urine or looking for marcasite, cinnabar, red clay, or stibnite at the moment. I have not collected dew with an ice cube during full moons in the spring…yet. But Barbaults work definitely inspired me to do so.
My personal favorite alchemical works so far are by Gerhard Dorn, Samael Aun Weor, Carl Jung, Edward Edinger (Jungian analyst), Jeffrey Raff (‘Jung and the Alchemical Imagination’), John Hazelrigg (‘The Philosopher’s Vade Mecum’ (‘The Sun Book’)), Collette’s ‘Covenant of Silence’, and Matthew Mather (‘The Alchemical Mercurius’) as well as several Medium posts by Forbidden Realms and a French blogspot called Aqua Permanens.
In terms of a physical/metaphysical starting point I’ve been led to look for something that the ‘poor have more of than the rich’, which is ‘cast upon sidewalks’ and ‘trodden over in mud’, and which ‘children play with’.
Physically I have no idea what this is, but metaphysically it could be imagination in my opinion.
Following Plato, all tangible entities begin with a conceptualization in the realm of mind and I suppose this works for the Stone as well, in that you should imagine you possess it already in order to align yourself with successfully obtaining it, as the only way to alter reality is to first imagine a better one, and to immerse yourself within that new imagined reality. ‘We are such stuff as dreams are made on’- Shakespeare
The masters of this are inventors, governments, painters, writers, and musicians, but I believe Sound is the primary conduit. (Cymatics // a tortoise shell doubling as a lunar calendar (28x13))
I wish everyone here luck with their studies. My quickest answer for infinite gold is with some calculus and a well tempered fire, utilizing ‘atomic phonon resonance’, it is very possible to transmute silver, copper and more into gold-plated silvecopper. This is a good example of the fire’s temperature being the imaginative target reality, transforming Venusian copper or Lunar silver into the Solar gold. This can be researched and the math verified at human-resonance.org. At eventual scale I don’t see how this won’t dismantle the gold and silver markets.
If you do manage to condense and isolate the First Light into a matrix, please use your imagination to help project a better existence for all of us and listen to some good music or better yet….create some.
(Plants have been shown to avoid rock music and gravitate towards classical Indian sitar)
submitted by Kalki_from_Shambhala to alchemy [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:06 LeChninkel This week @ ^ Le Fabrik ^

This week @ ^ Le Fabrik ^

Le Fabik - Week 23.2023
🏭 Le Fabrik presents:
📆 Wednesday Jun 07 🕑 12PM SLT 🎧 Frank 🎵 Tuesday Live Remixes 🕑 02PM SLT 🎧 Lau 🎵 Residents Night Special
📆 Friday Jun 09 🕑 02PM SLT 🎧 Sadal 🎵 Casablanca
🕶 Come as you are, No dress code required 🕶
📌 https://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Panthera/48/45/37
🗓️ https://www.google.com/[email protected]📷 https://www.flickr.com/groups/[email protected]/☮️ https://discord.gg/eYKrSnV28X

❞󠀢󠀢󠀢Fuck off, we play!❞󠀢
the ☯️ Fabrikants ☯️
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2023.06.04 15:57 Avizie Demon Slayer: Kimetsu no Yaiba - The Swordsmith Village - Episode 9 Manga Readers Discussion Thread

Demon Slayer: Kimetsu no Yaiba - The Swordsmith Village - Episode 9

Spoilers Allowed Discussion Thread!

All spoilers are allowed here. Anime only viewers have been warned!
Watch on Crunchyroll
Watch on VRV
Official Website: Kimetsu.com
Ani Chart Episode Schedule
Join our Discord server here!
Rate the episode:
Rate the episode on a scale of 1 to 5 here!
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2023.06.04 15:57 Avizie Demon Slayer: Kimetsu no Yaiba - The Swordsmith Village - Episode 9 Anime Only Watchers Discussion Thread

Demon Slayer: Kimetsu no Yaiba - The Swordsmith Village - Episode 9

Anime only viewers thread!

Manga readers are not allowed to discuss content that spoils the season here. This is a spoiler free zone for anime only viewers.
Watch on Crunchyroll
Watch on VRV
Official Website: Kimetsu.com
Ani Chart Episode Schedule
Join our Discord server here!
Rate the episode:
Rate the episode on a scale of 1 to 5 here!
submitted by Avizie to KimetsuNoYaiba [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 15:40 chikitsak HELLLLPPPPP!

Regarding NON ACADEMIC JRship ar AIIMS Delhi.
So they released the notification today. The last date for filling the form is 17th June 2023. In the portal however they don't let you register without DMC. Any idea how much time it takes for DMC to be issued after obtaining NOC in online as well as offline methods.
submitted by chikitsak to indianmedschool [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 15:39 aTraillessMech r/Buttcoin's Perception of the AI Hype Vis-à-Vis Blockchain Hype: A Pet Peeve

Introduction: Context

"Blockchain is bad, but the current AI hype is nothing like it! AI actually has a use!"
This account is an alt I created to vent out my frustrations during the penultimate phase of the recent crypto disaster, and I had abandoned this as I've deleted the reddit app on my phone (though I check these subreddits in my free time on the computer whenever I get curious).
I come across statements like the above-mentioned here and there more frequently now than ever. It is a vexing one, as it sounds functionally true but is categorically ahistorical—historically blind, that is. The socio-economic and market dynamics are undoubtedly different with "AI" and blockchain, that I can acknowledge; but statements and takes like these ignore crucial social realities. Needless to say, nothing will change my mind about blockchain and cryptocurrencies being a form of financial pseudoscience, so I hope that sets context.
Anyway, AI. "AI"—aside from being a functionally inaccurate and misleading marketing term—is a diverse umbrella that encompasses a myriad different things. Large language models happen to be one of them, along with other hype-applications in the spotlight at the minute.
Before I explain, let's look at the blockchain, cryptocurrencies, and bitcoin first. The thing about learning from history is that we cannot do that if we are dishonest to ourselves about what happened.

Crypto and the Court of Public Opinion: The Pitch

It would do us well to remember how we publicly perceived crypto before. I certainly am not an early member in Buttcoin or CryptoReality, but it is visible that outside of these critical niches, any public doubt towards blockchain and crypto were just obscure doubt mixed with curiosity at first. Actually, forget perception; let's think about the pitch on a good-faith basis.
Their pitch is digital money owned by no central legislative and/or executive entity that belongs to a network of free participants. Anyone can participate in the network with the requisite processing power and capital either as a miner or watcher. The longest chain is the authoritative chain, and you do not need to rely on social infrastructure to delegate authority. The ledger itself is the currency, and you could send it to anyone anywhere so long as they employ the same means and medium.
Now, today, we can find and empirically verify several flaws in this framing. Any longitudinal observation of blockchain interactions with society will demonstrate the following: it is by design too slow, unsafe, and resource-intensive as a technology. Forget replacing monetary functions and properties, it could not even adequately replicate them—that is, medium of exchange, measure of value, unit of account, standard of deferred payment, and store of value. This has been argued and proven over and over again.
I'm not here to prove that blockchain and cryptocurrencies are functionally useless concepts: we all know that.
I am highlighting the initial pitch and public perception. There was a pitch to sell. There was an argument that the evangelists could make. Most importantly, if they were to socially brute-force it, they could have forced us all use the blockchain to transact. It would only have been completely disastrous and an economic nightmare. In fact, El Salvador has lived (partially) that nightmare.
It has been over a decade. Whatever we have realised, we had realised it far too late (that is, so much damage has been done now). US and EU regulators are still moving far too slowly and taking actions that are far too stupid to deal with a pseudoscientific non-asset.
How the public perceived crypto before is how the dynamic that surrounds the contemporary AI hype is.

"AI" Parallels With Crypto-Mania

Level-headed researchers at DAIR have already warned about the actual dangers of AI years ago before these techbros went off on their inane doomer hype. In fact, they were not only ignored; but they suffered for it. These large language models and machine learning applications around generative art are extremely resource intensive, but those costs are currently obscured by all the venture capital money sloshing around.
As far as large language models go, at least, those things are functionally fancy autocorrect machines. Citing context-specific uses for these things is like saying "well, cryptography is useful for encryption and encryption is a good use-case, therefore cryptocurrency is also useful because it makes use of the same mechanisms."
These chatbots know nothing about anything. Feed it a large enough database and it spits out whatever it thinks is sequentially probabilistic. Seriously, what commercial use-case justifies it? Large language models, not "AI." Commercial use-cases. You would do well to know that private blockchains exist and that they are—albeit scantly—used in extremely context-specific cases for really niche and obscure things.
"Writing emails you don't want to write" — just write shorter emails. "Language assistant for second-language speakers" — they wouldn't know if the AI is spitting out the right thing; facilitate education instead. "Copywriting" — why? Writers would now need to take on an editoproofreader's role aside from getting the autocorrect machine to spew out the right thing plus constantly training it on new data (ChatGPT is trained on fixed data from the past, not recurrently changing data in the present). "Writing your academic essays" — that's plagiarism. "AI assistant!" — and how often do you spend time jubilantly talking to Siri or Cortana in lieu of one-liners to questions like 'where's the nearest Pizza Hut?' "Search engine assistant/summariser!" — super-autocorrect is horrible at summarising things and often just makes shit up; its entire functionality diverges from what a search engine does.
Et cetera, et cetera.
What about support from contemporary figures, right? Surely, it must mean something. If we have learned anything by now, it is to not take billionaires and VC bros seriously. Being against crypto isn't automatically a sign that they are saying sensible things, we have to start seeing beyond this bubble-like thinking. I mean, for god's sake, Bill Gates thought Bitcoin was innovative years ago. That Liron Shapira guy who funded blockchain stuff and then hard pivoted later is now an ardent AI doomer. Elon Musk, Apple, Adobe, Google; I can list so many things.
Seriously, it's time to wisen up.

"AI:" Introspection and Reflection

Of course there are facets of machine learning, deep learning, neural nets, etc. that are "useful" in our everyday lives. Think facial recognition biometric security; I use facial recognition and fingerprints to access my devices in lieu of pin codes and passwords now. "AI" refers to a mosaic, a kaleidoscope with several different facets.
The current hype is indubitably around "AGI" — that is, "smart" computers — and that is the direction the venture capital exodus is headed. As for the "technology" in the spotlight right now, I can think of some very niche minimal use-cases for those, but nothing that is disruptive or justifies the intensive use of resources. With large language models in particular, I just struggle to see just what on God's green earth we could popularly use it for. The same goes for deepfake voice tech. Presidents playing Minecraft, okay... sure. How is that use-case any less vain than "well, you can send money from computer to computer?"
We know what it would actually be used for: identity theft, scamming, sim swaps, fraud, plagiarism, etc. That is where these things' greatest use case lies. We've had deepfake tech for a while now, can anyone name a popular use-case for it beyond making pornographic content of people without their consent? Anyone? Anything at all?
Just because we could do something does not mean we should.
Just how much money, time, resources, and data do we need to waste before we realise this? Will we take yet another decade to come to this realisation as we have with crypto? Just how many people and their labour must be exploited and belittled before we all wisen up?
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