Cathedral city building dept

Exeter, UK

2010.09.01 13:43 nemeth Exeter, UK

A Subreddit for Exeter UK

2023.03.30 06:55 oliteach Top Hotel in Valle de Bravo: A Guide to Finding the Best Accommodation for Your Stay

Top Hotel in Valle de Bravo: A Guide to Finding the Best Accommodation for Your Stay
Valle de Bravo is a beautiful town located in the State of Mexico, just a few hours from Mexico City. This charming town is a popular tourist destination and has many things to offer visitors, including beautiful landscapes, a picturesque town center, and a wide variety of outdoor activities. If you are planning a trip to Valle de Bravo, choosing the right hotel is key to enjoying a comfortable and memorable stay. In this article, we will guide you through the top hotels in Valle de Bravo and help you choose the perfect one for your stay.

1. Location, Location, Location

When choosing a hotel in Valle de Bravo, location is everything. The town has two main areas where hotels are located: the town center and the lake area. If you prefer to be close to the town's main attractions, such as restaurants, shops, and galleries, then staying in the town center is your best option. On the other hand, if you prefer to be surrounded by nature and enjoy water activities, then the lake area is the place to be.

2. Budget-Friendly Options

Valle de Bravo has many budget-friendly hotels that offer comfortable rooms and great service. Some of the best options in this category include Hotel Casa Abierta, Hotel Mesón de Leyendas, and Hotel El Rebozo. These hotels offer excellent value for money and are perfect for those looking to save some cash without sacrificing comfort.

3. Luxury Hotels

For those looking for a more luxurious experience, Valle de Bravo also offers a wide range of high-end hotels. These hotels offer top-notch amenities such as spa services, gourmet restaurants, and stunning views of the lake. Some of the best options in this category include Hotel Rodavento, Hotel Avandaro Golf & Spa Resort, and Hotel La Casa Rodavento.

4. Boutique Hotels

If you're looking for a more unique and personalized experience, boutique hotels are an excellent option. These hotels offer a more intimate and cozy atmosphere, often with stylish decor and personalized service. Some of the best options in this category include Casa Valle, Hotel La Casa de los Patios, and Hotel Las Pinas Avandaro.

5. Eco-Friendly Hotels

Valle de Bravo is known for its commitment to sustainable tourism, and there are several eco-friendly hotels in the area. These hotels are designed to have minimal impact on the environment while still providing a comfortable and enjoyable stay. Some of the best options in this category include Hotel Canto de Aves, Hotel San Gaspar, and Hotel Hacienda Cantalagua.

6. Pet-Friendly Hotels

If you're planning to travel with your furry friend, Valle de Bravo has several pet-friendly hotels to choose from. These hotels offer amenities such as pet beds, food bowls, and pet-sitting services, so you can rest assured that your pet will be well taken care of. Some of the best options in this category include Hotel Los Arcos, Hotel Posada Familiar Maria Elena, and Hotel Vista Hermosa.

7. Family-Friendly Hotels

Valle de Bravo is a great destination for families, and there are many hotels in the area that cater to families with children. These hotels offer amenities such as children's play areas, family rooms, and activities for kids. Some of the best options in this category include Hotel San Francisco, Hotel Piedra Blanca, and Hotel Rancho San Jorge.

8. Activities and Amenities

When choosing a hotel in Valle de Bravo, it's important to consider the activities and amenities that are available. Some hotels offer a wide range of activities such as kayaking, horseback riding, and hiking

9. Reviews and Ratings

Before booking a hotel in Valle de Bravo, it's always a good idea to read reviews and ratings from previous guests. Websites such as TripAdvisor,, and Expedia offer a wealth of information on hotels in the area, including photos, reviews, and ratings. Pay attention to what guests say about the rooms, cleanliness, service, and location, and use this information to make an informed decision.

10. Booking Tips

When booking a hotel in Valle de Bravo, there are a few tips that can help you get the best deal. First, book early to ensure availability, especially during peak season. Second, check for discounts and promotions, such as package deals or special rates for longer stays. Finally, consider booking directly with the hotel instead of using a third-party website, as this can often result in better rates and more personalized service.

11. Safety and Health Measures

In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, many hotels in Valle de Bravo have implemented safety and health measures to ensure the safety of guests and staff. When choosing a hotel, look for information on their safety protocols, such as enhanced cleaning procedures, social distancing measures, and mask requirements. Consider choosing a hotel that has received certification from organizations such as Safe Travels or the Global Biorisk Advisory Council (GBAC) for added peace of mind.

12. Cultural and Historical Significance

Valle de Bravo is a town rich in culture and history, and some hotels in the area offer a unique opportunity to experience this heritage firsthand. Consider staying in a hotel that has historical significance, such as the Hotel El Santuario, which was once a Franciscan monastery, or the Hotel La Casa de la Casona, which is housed in a historic building from the 18th century.

13. Local Recommendations

When in Valle de Bravo, be sure to ask the hotel staff for recommendations on local attractions, restaurants, and activities. The staff at your hotel will likely have insider knowledge on the best places to go and things to do in the area, and can help you plan an unforgettable trip.

14. Weather Considerations

Valle de Bravo has a temperate climate year-round, with warm summers and mild winters. However, temperatures can vary depending on the time of year and the location of your hotel. Be sure to check the weather forecast before your trip, and pack accordingly. If you're planning to spend a lot of time outdoors, consider choosing a hotel with amenities such as air conditioning, heating, or a fireplace to ensure your comfort.

15. Conclusion

Choosing the right hotel in Valle de Bravo can make all the difference in your trip. Whether you're looking for budget-friendly options or high-end luxury, there's a hotel in Valle de Bravo that's perfect for your needs. Consider your budget, interests, and preferences, and use the tips in this article to find the perfect hotel for your stay.


  1. What is the best time to visit Valle de Bravo?
  • The best time to visit Valle de Bravo is during the dry season, from November to April, when the weather is mild and pleasant.
  1. Are there any eco-friendly hotels in Valle de Bravo?
  • Yes, Valle de Bravo has several eco-friendly hotels that are committed to sustainable tourism, such as Hotel Canto de Aves, Hotel San Gaspar, and Hotel Hacienda Cantalagua.
submitted by oliteach to u/oliteach [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:53 Crazy_rose13 My Nmom got mad I saw my grandma but won't talk to her

So last week, I went to see my grandma (mom's mom) who lives 4 hours away because I was going to a concert there and stayed overnight. I decided to see her because her husband died recently and we've been trying to build a relationship. My grandma wasn't a great person, parent to her kids, or grandma to me, my siblings and my cousins. However, in her old age she seems to have done a lot of self reflection, actually grown out of most of her toxic ways and respected my boundaries which is why we are trying to have a relationship. Honestly the trip was a shit show at first, but was a fun experience. My grandma took me and my fiance to this Mexican place in her city and we hung out for a bit, overall wasn't a bad experience and went way better than I expected.
Well after I left her place, she called my mom to talk about how I went to visit her. Shes a lonely old woman who no one in the family cares about due to her toxic past behavior, so I don't blame her for being excited someone came to visit. My mom wasn't aware I was doing this because I've been NC\ very LC with my mom since last June. In fact I didn't even tell my brother whom I'm close to because I didn't think it was anyone's business what I choose to do. My little brother texted me when I got home saying "mom's mad that you went to visit grandma but you refuse to talk to mom" which I proceeded to say "grandma has apologized and acknowledged the harm she's caused in my childhood and we're working on having a relationship, mom should be happy for me not jealous"
Well today my mom decided to post on Facebook "So according to the WebMD definition of parentification I have never done nor did I do that to to my kids. Glad I didn't" and her parentified me is one of the things she refuses to acknowledge she did which is part of the reason I went NC\LC with her to begin with. So I decided to go look up the WebMD "definition" of parentification and I find it baffling she genuinely doesn't understand how she did that to me if she actually read the damn article.
I had to care emotionally, physically and occasionally financially for my siblings. I had to break up my mom and dad fighting and protected my mom from being beat at times. She made me her personal therapist to the point where I know things about her and her life no child should ever know about anyone, let alone a parent. I had to raise myself, and I'm still learning how to raise myself at almost 23. It makes me so mad that she says "I rasied my kids by myself with no help and I'm still rasing them by myself" and then I say "hey remember these things I did, I helped raise them too" and then suddenly she has lost giant list of people who helped her raise the kids, but I'm never on it. I genuinely don't understand and it's frustrating. And then on top of that, how can you be so set in your ways to the point I'm labeled the toxic one, and then get mad I'm talking and went to visit grandma?!
Like what is it?! Am I the narcissistic liar who "got cut out of your life" because I want you to "apologize for the wrong other did"? Or am I your child who won't have a relationship with you for some reason but am willing to have a relationship with "the trash"?! Wtf! No matter what I do I can't win?! Everything I do makes her "feel bad" and I'm the bad guy?!
submitted by Crazy_rose13 to raisedbynarcissists [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:50 New_Worldliness_9680 Best paying delievery/courier employer: no passenger/taxi services

I'm in a large city on the west coast. What am I likely to make for breakfast/lunch deliveries with DoorDash to office buildings? How can I improve my income in this scenario?
Who would you recommend for employers? How much should I expect to make if I am certified to transport things like blood: medical, lab context?
submitted by New_Worldliness_9680 to couriersofreddit [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:49 Oh_Hamburger [US-NY] [H] Game Boy, Game Gear, Dreamcast, PS1/2 games Game Boy, N64 Consoles N64 Manuals, Nintendo Posters, Misc Gaming-Related Items [W] PayPal, Venmo

Hi everyone,
I found a forgotten lot of games at my parents house when I went to visit. I thought I had sold all my games and systems in the past, but I was very wrong. Previously I sold my N64, NES, etc. games on eBay, but all the best ones were literally bought by Lukie Games. I'd rather list here than sell it to resellers.
Since I’ve got no confirmed transactions here, I’d be happy to do PayPal G&S to build community confidence. I’d eventually prefer to move away from it to other methods like F&F, Venmo etc. once it's felt I'm more established.
Nearly all of the games are in excellent condition and many come CIB. A number of the loose games (Game Boy) also have instruction manuals that are in excellent condition, which are noted in the table below. Most of the items should have pics in the links below, please let me know if I'm missing anything (Warning, photo dumps!):
I'm very happy to take more pictures for anyone who would like; please let me know whatever you need and I'll be glad to provide. I have twin 10mo old girls and one of them requires extra special attention, so I may need more time than the average person to get you them :) Apologies in advance!

All prices are shipped. Combining games would take some $ off the total. Open to offers for most listed, some are more firm than others.

System/Games/Items Notes Price
Game Cube
Animal Crossing + AC Memory Card CIB 90
Harvest Moon - Another Wonderful Life CIB 40
Luigi’s Mansion CIB 70
Mario Power Tennis CIB 40
Metroid Prime CIB 45
Paper Mario The Thousand Year Door CIB 125
Starfox Adventures Game & Box, No Manual it seems, but other inserts there 35
Super Mario Sunshine CIB 50
The Legend of Zelda The Wind Waker CIB 75
The Lord of the Rings The Two Towers (Players’ Choice) Game & Box, No Manual 10
Centipede Complete 15
Crazy Taxi Complete 30
House of the Dead 2 w/ Gun Gun is in great condition but untested 75
Hydro Thunder Complete 40
NBA2k Complete 10
NFL2k Complete 10
NHL2k Complete 10
Ready 2 Rumble Complete 25
Resident Evil: Code Veronica Complete 55
Sonic Adventure Complete 60
Sonic Adventure 2 Complete 120
Soul Calibur Complete 40
Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 2 Complete 25
Trick Style Complete 20
Game Boy
Bomberman GB + Clear Protective Game Case + Manual 25
Game & Watch Gallery + Manual 15
Game Boy Color Atomic Purple Tested & Working 90
Game Boy Color Carrying Case Official 1990's 30
Gameboy Camera (Green) Tested & Working 50
Game Boy (Original) Tested working, but left side of the screen does not display completely (streaks down the left side, about 1cm thick) and the contrast is very light overall. Also missing back plate. Likely repairable? 40
Gameboy Pocket Clear 'color'. Turns on, games play, but the screen is very, very dark. Good condition otherwise; likely repairable? 40
Gameboy Printer Tested & Working (+ Link Cable & Half a roll) 125
Ghostbusters II Cart only 50
Hyper Lode Runner Cart only 15
James Bond 007 Manual Only 8
Marble Madness Cart Only 15
Mario Golf + Manual 35
Pokemon Blue + Clear Protective Game Case + Pokemon Blue Manual 80
Pokemon Gold (Japanese) + Clear Protective Game Case + Pokemon Gold Japanese Manual 60
Pokemon Pinball Manual Only 10
Pokemon Red + Clear Protective Game Case + Pokemon Red Manual 90
Pokemon Yellow + Clear Protective Game Case 60
Tetris Cart only 20
Wario Land II + Clear Protective Game Case + Manual 50
Worms Armageddon Manual Only 15
WWF King of the Ring + Manual 15
WWF Warzone Cart only 10
PlayStation 1
Area 51 Manual + Case Only 10
Final Fantasy VIII CIB 30
Final Fantasy VIII Missing Disc 4 - Unsure how to price 20? Make an Offer
GamePro Ultimate Video Game Code Book Vol 3 Good Condition 10
Gauntlet Legends CIB 25
Gran Turismo 2 CIB 20
Grind Session CIB 15
Knockout Kings 2000 CIB 15
NBA Jam Extreme Damaged/Destroyed Jewel Case 12
NBA Live 98 Loose 8
NBA Live 99 / Triple Play Combo CIB 10
Need for Speed III Hot Pursuit Porsche Unleashed Back, Hot Pursuit Front/Manual, though. 10
Sony Playstation Console Booklet Insert Included with console I believe? 8
Tony Hawk's Pro Skater CIB 20
WCW NWO Thunder CIB 15
PlayStation 2
Dark Cloud 2 CIB 35
Dragon Quest VIII - Journey of the Cursed King CIB + FF Demo disc 30
FIFA soccer 2002 Game & Case only 10
Fight Night 2004 CIB 8
Final Fantasy X CIB 10
Gran Turismo 3 A-spec (Greatest Hits) CIB 10
Gran Turismo 4 CIB 15
Grand Theft Auto San Andreas CIB + map 25
Grand Theft Auto Vice City CIB + map 20
Kingdom Hearts (Greatest Hits) CIB 12
Kingdom Hearts 2 CIB 14
Madden 2005 CIB 8
MLB The Show 06 Game & Case only 8
Mortal Kombat Deception CIB 20
MVP baseball 2004 CIB 10
NBA Ballers CIB 12
NCAA Football 2004 CIB 10
Need For Speed Underground CIB 20
NFL 2k3 CIB 8
Rampage Total Destruction CIB 15
Spider-Man 2 CIB 25
SRS Street Racing Syndicate Box & Manual Only, No Game 8
The Godfather The Game CIB + NYC Map 20
The Simpsons Road Rage (Greatest Hits) CIB 25
Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 3 (Greatest Hits) CIB 15
Game Gear
Arch Rivals Cart only 10
Castle of Illusion Cart only 35
Columns Cart only 8
Dragon Crystal Cart only 25
NBA Action Cart only 5
Pac-Man Cart only 10
Popils Cart only 25
RBI Baseball 94 Cart only 8
Revenge of Drancon Cart only 20
Shinobi Cart only 25
Slider Cart only 12
Sonic Chaos Cart only 15
The Majors Pro Baseball Cart only 5
Woody Pop Cart only 15
Nintendo 64
Console NUS-001 - All hookups, Tested working, but no controller 80
Rumble Pak Cleaned, but untested 15
Memory Card Untested, white out used on the front. Comes with case. 15
Nintendo DS
Silver Handheld Console Tested & Working, includes stylus & Charger 75
My Spanish Coach CIB 8
Misc (Booklets, Posters, Manuals, etc.) All in very good to excellent condition.
Acclaim Game Boy Poster No idea how to price these posters but they seem to be around this online 25
Age of Empires 2 + Expansion Booklet (Combo) 10
Age of Empires Booklet 10
Clayfight 63 1/3 Instruction Booklet 15
Diablo 2 Official Strategy Guide 15
Gameboy Insert Poster Unsure how to price; showcases Gameboy games it seems. Not sure I've ever opened it all the way. 20
007 Goldeneye 64 Instruction Booklet 15
Half Life Game of the Year Edition (PC) Manual 5
Ken Griffey Jr's Winning Run 10
Legend of Zelda Ocarina of Time Instruction Booklet 25
Mario Brothers Movie Soundtrack CD CIB 50
Mortal Kombat Trilogy 64 Instruction Booklet 20
NBA Hangtime N64 Instruction Booklet 10
NCAA Road to the Final Four User Manual Reads like an NCAA rule book lol 10
Nintendo Power Pokemon Wall Calendar Unused, not even sure I've ever unfolded it. Great condition. 40
Official Nintendo 64 Mario Mouse Pad Not sure how I got this; officially licensed from the mid-late 90's - has some small punctures in it, but mostly just needs a good wipe-down 30
Pokemon Snap - Snap Station Stickers Still in the wrapping. 20
Pokemon Trading Card Game Rules 1999 10
San Fransisco Rush Extreme Racing 64 Manual 20
SEGA Genesis Sonic The Hedgehog Manual 15
Skyrim Canvas Map Unused, also not sure if I've ever opened this 25
SNES Game Insert Posters 2x - Again not sure how to price these 25 each
South Park 64 Official Insert Poster Great condition, never opened 25
South Park Chef Aid Soundtrack 15
[REMOVED] Starfox 64 Strategy Guide [REMOVED] can't find strategy guide now, will relist once found 20
Super High Impact Instruction Manual 10
Super Mario 64 Instruction Booklet 15
Super Mario All Stars Instruction Booklet 10
Wayne Gretzky's 3D Hockey Instruction Booklet 10
WCW NWO World Tour Poster 20
Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego? PC-CD Rom Booklet 10
Wrestlemania 2000 Instruction Booklet 15
submitted by Oh_Hamburger to GameSale [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:48 KateBetsOnSports Residential Lease w/ purchase option

4.5 years ago I started renting a home in Michigan. I found it on CL as a rent to own lease w/option to purchase. It’s also a triple net bondable lease; and being as young and naive I was, I blindly signed the contract with a company named Orange REO in Florida. In the original lease with original property owners; there was a provision or clause (idk the difference lol) that stated I’m tenant is responsible for maintenance, taxes, and insurance. The title/deed was sold to a company called Nationwide community Revitalization in California December 2020 and Orange REO told me after the sale, I had no idea they were selling the title. I then received an email from the new company with a new lease and I just assumed, like a dumbass, I “had” to sign this new lease with said company to remain in my house, so I electronically signed the current lease in December 2020. This lease also read similarly as far as being responsible for maintenance, taxes, insurance… but they increased my rent from $350 to $550/mo and changed the duration of my lease from 25 years to 5 years. This lease also states I waive my right to a jury trial. The lease is not in the name of the company (NCR); instead it says “5555 2nd Street Michigan Trust” as the Lessor and myself as the Lessee. I also paid a deposit of $3,500 for the option to purchase, which exceeds 1.5 my rent. Unfortunately, I lost my job in 2021 after signing this lease and my husband is a special needs teacher that earns not nearly as much as he should and also pays child support… I don’t receive child support, either, so the math on our budget just did not work at that time… I immediately applied for the CERA app for rent assistance. They agreed to accept the cera payment and to fill out their portion of the application and submitted it… they ended up getting impatient and filed for eviction as we had to jump through many a hoops to get approved for rental assistance as community action agency repeatedly denied them because they said my lease is actually a land contract; despite not saying land contract ANYWHERE, instead it says “residential lease w/ option to purchase triple net bondable lease”…. I got served an eviction and luckily the day before the sheriff was going to remove me from the property, I was able to gather enough money to cover what I needed to for rent and finally the CERA app was processed. I got another CERA payment in December of 2022 and it just expired February 1st. I was not able to pay rent so they filed for another eviction, this time to terminate my tenancy due to habitually late rent payments (when they were well aware I was waiting for the cera app to process) and also states “breach of contract- failed to maintain property” because I missed a housing inspection that is required in city ordinance for non owner occupied rentals; an inspection every other year. When I moved in there were 20 or so blight violations and I’ve been fined many times because I’ve not completely all repairs, such as painting trim and outside of house (chipping paint) the list is down to 5 blight violations and the inspectors are always very understanding and waive a lot of fines so long as I keep making an effort; it’s only when they stepped into the picture and started handling these communications with the city; from California, that I started getting fined heavily… and missing the appointment for inspection in January, I assume, is what they initially planned to end my tenancy. I have legal aid attorney that has not helped much as he’s the only attorney handling landlord tenant cases currently and legal aid. I went to the pre trial last week and the hearing is April 6th. They have a lawyer representing them in Michigan and one of the asset managers from NCR will be zooming in as well. My original defense was that the eviction, lease, and even the title is in the name of a trust, not an actual landlord. They agreed when they signed the CERA app agreement that they wouldn’t not evict me for at least one month after the last payment was paid by the cera app, which was February 1st. They filed February 14th, so not a month… also they lied to me when they got the first check from cera that I had to pay their legal fees of $550 before they could deposit accept the rental assistance check. So I paid the $550. They also signed on the cera app that they would waive any legal fees that exceed $150. So that sucked. I have a beautiful blended family, 3 amazing kids, a pitbull , 3 cats and lots of cool cichlids lol… so to be threatened with eviction/ homelessness not just once but twice while waiting for my cera app to process…. I ended up admitting myself because I had suicidal ideations; I felt hopeless and defeated when I woke up everyday knowing I was on the brink of losing everything that I’ve worked so hard for… I did the repairs myself even…. To save money. My husband has a bad back and couldn’t help much… so I felt just so scared. I’m in intense therapy now thankfully, but seems every system has failed myself and my family in the midsts of a pandemic and all around hard times being below poverty line. I feel this company is predatory and I’m scared, again. April 6th is coming and although my husband and kids are home for spring break, I’m building my defense all day everyday so the 9 of us don’t lose our family home 😭 I know I left tons of information out but I’m hoping maybe someone has some advice here 🙏 I have not returned to work due to ptsd and the evictions have truly made me spiral. There’s a company called vision properties that the legal aid lawyer told me is getting sued currently in Detroit and they sound a lot like the company that owns my houses title now. I appreciate any help, thanks in advance.
submitted by KateBetsOnSports to legaladvice [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:45 AutoModerator [Get] Robert Kyosaki Ultimate Courses Collection Bundle List in the description

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submitted by AutoModerator to GenkiBest [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:41 Flashlight_Inspector What would the PRT ratings and assessments be for the Madrigal family from Encanto?

Bruno's power sounds like something the PRT would salivate over. He's essentially a precog that can clearly see into any point of the future he wants, that also lets anyone with him view it, that also shows how to change the outcome, while also creating a tablet that shows the prediction? That also has no user lash back or side effects? He'd probably have an entire department at Watchdog dedicated towards him. I almost want to say he's a thinker 10+. That feels way too high but at the same time almost all thinkers in the setting seem to be kneecapped so hard that he'd warrant it for being such an outlier.
Pepa also has the same problem of simultaneously sounding incredibly powerful on paper while also being absolutely uncontrollable and not that useful. If she could summon tornadoes or entire hurricanes in mere moments I'd say shaker 10+. If it's only general weather such as rain or clear skies I'd dump her all the way down to shaker 2.
Julieta is a tough one because her power seems so hard to classify. I guess it's technically a tinker power? It really doesn't fit any of the categories and it's completely useless as a combative power. I want to say tinker 0 because it's just healing bread and a single mall cop could neutralize her (the threat ratings are supposed to be about how hard they are to neutralize) but at the same time I could see them giving her an absurd rating (8+) just to drill it through people's heads that she is a priority in any situation. As far as everyone else is concerned she is essentially Panacea 2.0 and she can cook tinker food using regular ingredients that has zero upkeep and has no side effects on the user. If the PRT was proactive they'd be paying her a seven digit sum to just cook nonstop in one of the most heavily fortified buildings they could build. She would probably be one of the most prolific capes in existence just from the sheer amount of lives she'd save globally with her food. But at the same time you can just shoot her in the head. Another rating that'd almost entirely be political.
Dolores is a character I assumed was weak at first and then realized would have an absurd rating. Being able to process noise from hundreds of miles all around her while picking out any conversations she wants without having sensory overload? An easy thinker 5 stranger 8 combo right off the bat. If anything I'm probably underselling her since the only way to get around her is either knowing she's within a few hundred miles of you and avoiding saying anything or just completely soundproofing a room, which is a lot harder than you'd think. She'd be the ultimate informant. Just drop her in a city for a week and she'd probably have the locations of just about every gang hideout or villain haunt for you.
Camilo feels like he'd be a stranger 1. Can perfectly imitate people, but has none of the memories of them and would instantly be found out by the most basic M/S protocols. If he could imitate brutes and get their strength then he'd probably be a stranger 2 trump 6. Only reason the trump rating isn't higher is because he can only do it with brutes. I doubt he'd be able to though, so I'd stick with stranger 1.
Antonio feels like a strictly worse version of Dolores once you get down to it. Since he has to talk to the animals around him this means he's both completely limited to whatever animals are nearby but that he can't even master more than a few at a time because he needs to verbally ask them to do what he wants. I want to say master 1+ stranger 1+ because his power just feels so gimped by his surroundings. Maybe if he was in the middle of the jungle I'd give him a positive rating. I imagine he'd have great synergy with certain capes (such as Bitch).
Luisa feels like a Brute 6 shaker 1+ because of how casually she can toss around entire houses while also applying an effect on them that keeps them completely structurally stable while moving them. That brute rating might be a little too high, I'm not sure.
Isabela would probably be a shaker 9. Her range is insane, the plants she grows aren't even effected by physics or their normal limitations, and she could easily create poisonous plants or even mix and match them alongside other plants. I imagine she'd be able to destroy an entire city if she just went all out as fast as possible.
Mirabel is a trump 0. Her power can instantly permanently neutralize any power it wants and turn the cape into a baseline human. Unfortunately the power automatically activated on itself. /s
submitted by Flashlight_Inspector to WormFanfic [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:40 Iracus Using ChatGPT and the GM tools from the book is such a great combo.

Been playing with ChatGPT and thought about using it to generate the base of an adventure setting to help flesh things out and have been very happy with the results so far.
Here is an example for creating a ruin feeding it random rolls after getting it to generate a random realm for one of my Gods. It is a bit simple at parts, just kind of parroting the prompt, but its easy to expand upon whatever seems interesting, with with the tool or just your own imagination.
I also included the prompt it gave me when I asked it to build a realm after describing its creator to ChatGPT.
Can you create a ruin located somewhere in the wilderness of Nocturnis?
It should be a cultural site that is a monument site to past glories.
There is a major inhabitant and the remnants of another group or pack they deposed. The major inhabitant originally came here to guard something precious and now stay as they are waiting for someone else to arrive. The major inhabitants should be Outsider prisoners that have gone native and the remnant group should be the altered human servitors of the former owner.
Ruin Name: The Echoing Halls
Description: The Echoing Halls is an ancient, crumbling ruin located deep within the wilderness of Nocturnis. Once a glorious temple and cultural center, it now stands as a monument to the past glories of a long-forgotten civilization. The architecture of the Echoing Halls reflects a beautiful, yet eerie combination of gothic and organic design elements, with twisted columns and arches that seem to grow out of the ground like the roots of ancient trees.
Major Inhabitants: The Forsaken The Forsaken are a group of Outsider prisoners who were captured by Kasu and his followers during the early days of Elysium. Over time, these prisoners have gone native, embracing the darkness of Nocturnis and forsaking their monstrous origins. They now dwell within the Echoing Halls, having taken it upon themselves to guard a precious artifact hidden within the ruins. This artifact, known as the Soulshard, is a fragment of Kasu's own essence, imbued with immense necromantic power.
The Forsaken are an enigmatic group, bound together by their shared history and their duty to protect the Soulshard. They are a formidable force, having honed their combat and magical skills in their time within Nocturnis. They await the arrival of someone they believe is destined to claim the Soulshard and harness its power for the greater good of Elysium.
Remnant Group: The Shadowbound The Shadowbound are the altered human servitors of the former owner of the Echoing Halls. Once loyal guardians and caretakers of the temple, they were twisted by the darkness that enveloped Nocturnis after the Outsiders' arrival. Now, they are shadows of their former selves, their minds and bodies warped by the corrupting influence of the Outsiders.
The Shadowbound are a tragic reminder of the past, their once-noble purpose now reduced to a bitter struggle for survival. They haunt the depths of the Echoing Halls, hiding from the Forsaken and eking out a meager existence amid the crumbling ruins.
Points of Interest:
Realm Name: Nocturnis
Geography: Nocturnis is a realm of dark beauty, approximately the size of Australia. The landscape is diverse, featuring vast obsidian plains, bone-white deserts, dense forests of shadowy trees, and great swamps that emit an eerie glow. Jagged mountains dominate the skyline, and the air is filled with the scent of magic and decay.
Climate: The climate of Nocturnis is mostly temperate with significant regional variations. The realm is perpetually shrouded in twilight, with the sky transitioning between deep indigo and a muted violet. This perpetual twilight provides a fitting environment for the creatures and denizens that call Nocturnis home.
Biomes and Flora: The biomes of Nocturnis are as varied as the realm itself. Obsidian plains are dotted with luminescent fungi that provide faint illumination, while bone-white deserts are home to hardy, skeletal cacti. The shadowy forests are filled with trees that have dark, twisted trunks and leaves that seem to absorb light. In the swamps, eerie will-o'-the-wisps float above the water, casting a dim glow on the twisted mangroves below.
Fauna: Nocturnis is home to many unique creatures, most of which are the result of Kasu's experiments. The realm is populated by various undead creatures, demihumans, and nightmarish beasts. Some of the more notable inhabitants include the Lichenthrope, a werewolf-like creature with the ability to control plant life; the Vampiric Chimera, a fearsome beast with the combined traits of various nocturnal predators; and the Reanimated Behemoth, a colossal undead monstrosity created by Kasu as a guardian for his realm.
Society and Culture: The inhabitants of Nocturnis are a diverse mix of races and cultures, many of which have been shaped by Kasu's experiments and influence. The society of Nocturnis values cunning, intelligence, and adaptability. The denizens often undergo voluntary body modifications and magical enhancements in the pursuit of knowledge and power.
Politics: Nocturnis is governed by a council of eight powerful necromancers known as the Ebon Conclave. They rule with a combination of cunning, magical prowess, and an iron grip on the realm's secrets. Each member of the council is a master of necromancy, and they all maintain their own research facilities, armies of undead, and legions of loyal followers.
Magic and Technology: Magic is an integral part of Nocturnis society. Necromancy, in particular, is widely practiced and is deeply intertwined with the realm's politics and culture. Technology is also present, with many advancements driven by Kasu's penchant for experimentation and body modification. Steam-powered machines and clockwork devices are often combined with magic to create fantastical inventions and enhancements.
Points of Interest:
  • Kasu's Necropolis: A sprawling city of the dead, filled with tombs, crypts, and research facilities. It serves as the center of power for the Ebon Conclave and is the nexus of necromantic research in Nocturnis.
  • The Fractal Sea Port: A bustling port city built around a massive harbor, connecting Nocturnis to the Fractal Sea and the other realms of Elysium.
  • The Labyrinth of Shadows: A vast, subterranean network of tunnels and caverns, filled with traps, treasure, and terrifying creatures. It serves as a testing ground for Kasu's creations and a trial for ambitious adventurers.
  • The Obsidian Citadel: A massive fortress carved out of a single piece of obsidian, home to an elite order
submitted by Iracus to WWN [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:37 Choice-Bake7922 Add uranium to minecraft

Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92. It is a silvery-grey metal in the actinide series of the periodic table. A uranium atom has 92 protons and 92 electrons, of which 6 are valence electrons. Uranium radioactively decays by emitting an alpha particle. The half-life of this decay varies between 159,200 and 4.5 billion years for different isotopes, making them useful for dating the age of the Earth. The most common isotopes in natural uranium are uranium-238 (which has 146 neutrons and accounts for over 99% of uranium on Earth) and uranium-235 (which has 143 neutrons). Uranium has the highest atomic weight of the primordially occurring elements. Its density is about 70% higher than that of lead, and slightly lower than that of gold or tungsten. It occurs naturally in low concentrations of a few parts per million in soil, rock and water, and is commercially extracted from uranium-bearing minerals such as uraninite.[6] Many contemporary uses of uranium exploit its unique nuclear properties. Uranium-235 is the only naturally occurring fissile isotope, which makes it widely used in nuclear power plants and nuclear weapons. However, because of the tiny concentrations found in nature, uranium needs to undergo enrichment so that enough uranium-235 is present. Uranium-238 is fissionable by fast neutrons, and is fertile, meaning it can be transmuted to fissile plutonium-239 in a nuclear reactor. Another fissile isotope, uranium-233, can be produced from natural thorium and is studied for future industrial use in nuclear technology. Uranium-238 has a small probability for spontaneous fission or even induced fission with fast neutrons; uranium-235, and to a lesser degree uranium-233, have a much higher fission cross-section for slow neutrons. In sufficient concentration, these isotopes maintain a sustained nuclear chain reaction. This generates the heat in nuclear power reactors, and produces the fissile material for nuclear weapons. Depleted uranium (238U) is used in kinetic energy penetrators and armor plating.[7][8]
The 1789 discovery of uranium in the mineral pitchblende is credited to Martin Heinrich Klaproth, who named the new element after the recently discovered planet Uranus. Eugène-Melchior Péligot was the first person to isolate the metal and its radioactive properties were discovered in 1896 by Henri Becquerel. Research by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner, Enrico Fermi and others, such as J. Robert Oppenheimer starting in 1934 led to its use as a fuel in the nuclear power industry and in Little Boy, the first nuclear weapon used in war. An ensuing arms race during the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union produced tens of thousands of nuclear weapons that used uranium metal and uranium-derived plutonium-239. Dismantling of these weapons and related nuclear facilities is carried out within various nuclear disarmament programs and costs billions of dollars. Weapon-grade uranium obtained from nuclear weapons is diluted with uranium-238 and reused as fuel for nuclear reactors. The development and deployment of these nuclear reactors continue on a global base as they are powerful sources of CO2-free energy. Spent nuclear fuel forms radioactive waste, which mostly consists of uranium-238 and poses significant health threat and environmental impact. Uranium is a silvery white, weakly radioactive metal. It has a Mohs hardness of 6, sufficient to scratch glass and approximately equal to that of titanium, rhodium, manganese and niobium. It is malleable, ductile, slightly paramagnetic, strongly electropositive and a poor electrical conductor.[9][10] Uranium metal has a very high density of 19.1 g/cm3,[11] denser than lead (11.3 g/cm3),[12] but slightly less dense than tungsten and gold (19.3 g/cm3).[13][14]
Uranium metal reacts with almost all non-metal elements (with the exception of the noble gases) and their compounds, with reactivity increasing with temperature.[15] Hydrochloric and nitric acids dissolve uranium, but non-oxidizing acids other than hydrochloric acid attack the element very slowly.[9] When finely divided, it can react with cold water; in air, uranium metal becomes coated with a dark layer of uranium oxide.[10] Uranium in ores is extracted chemically and converted into uranium dioxide or other chemical forms usable in industry.
Uranium-235 was the first isotope that was found to be fissile. Other naturally occurring isotopes are fissionable, but not fissile. On bombardment with slow neutrons, its uranium-235 isotope will most of the time divide into two smaller nuclei, releasing nuclear binding energy and more neutrons. If too many of these neutrons are absorbed by other uranium-235 nuclei, a nuclear chain reaction occurs that results in a burst of heat or (in special circumstances) an explosion. In a nuclear reactor, such a chain reaction is slowed and controlled by a neutron poison, absorbing some of the free neutrons. Such neutron absorbent materials are often part of reactor control rods (see nuclear reactor physics for a description of this process of reactor control).
As little as 15 lb (6.8 kg) of uranium-235 can be used to make an atomic bomb.[16] The nuclear weapon detonated over Hiroshima, called Little Boy, relied on uranium fission. However, the first nuclear bomb (the Gadget used at Trinity) and the bomb that was detonated over Nagasaki (Fat Man) were both plutonium bombs.
Uranium metal has three allotropic forms:[17]
α (orthorhombic) stable up to 668 °C (1,234 °F). Orthorhombic, space group No. 63, Cmcm, lattice parameters a = 285.4 pm, b = 587 pm, c = 495.5 pm.[18] β (tetragonal) stable from 668 to 775 °C (1,234 to 1,427 °F). Tetragonal, space group P42/mnm, P42nm, or P4n2, lattice parameters a = 565.6 pm, b = c = 1075.9 pm.[18] γ (body-centered cubic) from 775 °C (1,427 °F) to melting point—this is the most malleable and ductile state. Body-centered cubic, lattice parameter a = 352.4 pm.[18]
The major application of uranium in the military sector is in high-density penetrators. This ammunition consists of depleted uranium (DU) alloyed with 1–2% other elements, such as titanium or molybdenum.[19] At high impact speed, the density, hardness, and pyrophoricity of the projectile enable the destruction of heavily armored targets. Tank armor and other removable vehicle armor can also be hardened with depleted uranium plates. The use of depleted uranium became politically and environmentally contentious after the use of such munitions by the US, UK and other countries during wars in the Persian Gulf and the Balkans raised questions concerning uranium compounds left in the soil[8][20][21][22] (see Gulf War syndrome).[16]
Depleted uranium is also used as a shielding material in some containers used to store and transport radioactive materials. While the metal itself is radioactive, its high density makes it more effective than lead in halting radiation from strong sources such as radium.[9] Other uses of depleted uranium include counterweights for aircraft control surfaces, as ballast for missile re-entry vehicles and as a shielding material.[10] Due to its high density, this material is found in inertial guidance systems and in gyroscopic compasses.[10] Depleted uranium is preferred over similarly dense metals due to its ability to be easily machined and cast as well as its relatively low cost.[23] The main risk of exposure to depleted uranium is chemical poisoning by uranium oxide rather than radioactivity (uranium being only a weak alpha emitter).
During the later stages of World War II, the entire Cold War, and to a lesser extent afterwards, uranium-235 has been used as the fissile explosive material to produce nuclear weapons. Initially, two major types of fission bombs were built: a relatively simple device that uses uranium-235 and a more complicated mechanism that uses plutonium-239 derived from uranium-238. Later, a much more complicated and far more powerful type of fission/fusion bomb (thermonuclear weapon) was built, that uses a plutonium-based device to cause a mixture of tritium and deuterium to undergo nuclear fusion. Such bombs are jacketed in a non-fissile (unenriched) uranium case, and they derive more than half their power from the fission of this material by fast neutrons from the nuclear fusion process.[24]
The main use of uranium in the civilian sector is to fuel nuclear power plants. One kilogram of uranium-235 can theoretically produce about 20 terajoules of energy (2×1013 joules), assuming complete fission; as much energy as 1.5 million kilograms (1,500 tonnes) of coal.[7]
Commercial nuclear power plants use fuel that is typically enriched to around 3% uranium-235.[7] The CANDU and Magnox designs are the only commercial reactors capable of using unenriched uranium fuel. Fuel used for United States Navy reactors is typically highly enriched in uranium-235 (the exact values are classified). In a breeder reactor, uranium-238 can also be converted into plutonium through the following reaction:[10]
Before (and, occasionally, after) the discovery of radioactivity, uranium was primarily used in small amounts for yellow glass and pottery glazes, such as uranium glass and in Fiestaware.[25]
The discovery and isolation of radium in uranium ore (pitchblende) by Marie Curie sparked the development of uranium mining to extract the radium, which was used to make glow-in-the-dark paints for clock and aircraft dials.[26][27] This left a prodigious quantity of uranium as a waste product, since it takes three tonnes of uranium to extract one gram of radium. This waste product was diverted to the glazing industry, making uranium glazes very inexpensive and abundant. Besides the pottery glazes, uranium tile glazes accounted for the bulk of the use, including common bathroom and kitchen tiles which can be produced in green, yellow, mauve, black, blue, red and other colors.
Uranium was also used in photographic chemicals (especially uranium nitrate as a toner),[10] in lamp filaments for stage lighting bulbs,[28] to improve the appearance of dentures,[29] and in the leather and wood industries for stains and dyes. Uranium salts are mordants of silk or wool. Uranyl acetate and uranyl formate are used as electron-dense "stains" in transmission electron microscopy, to increase the contrast of biological specimens in ultrathin sections and in negative staining of viruses, isolated cell organelles and macromolecules.
The discovery of the radioactivity of uranium ushered in additional scientific and practical uses of the element. The long half-life of the isotope uranium-238 (4.47×109 years) makes it well-suited for use in estimating the age of the earliest igneous rocks and for other types of radiometric dating, including uranium–thorium dating, uranium–lead dating and uranium–uranium dating. Uranium metal is used for X-ray targets in the making of high-energy X-rays.[10]
The use of uranium in its natural oxide form dates back to at least the year 79 CE, when it was used in the Roman Empire to add a yellow color to ceramic glazes.[10] Yellow glass with 1% uranium oxide was found in a Roman villa on Cape Posillipo in the Bay of Naples, Italy, by R. T. Gunther of the University of Oxford in 1912.[30] Starting in the late Middle Ages, pitchblende was extracted from the Habsburg silver mines in Joachimsthal, Bohemia (now Jáchymov in the Czech Republic), and was used as a coloring agent in the local glassmaking industry.[31] In the early 19th century, the world's only known sources of uranium ore were these mines. Mining for uranium in the Ore Mountains ceased on the German side after the Cold War ended and SDAG Wismut was wound down. On the Czech side there were attempts during the uranium price bubble of 2007 to restart mining, but those were quickly abandoned following a fall in uranium prices.[32][33]
The discovery of the element is credited to the German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth. While he was working in his experimental laboratory in Berlin in 1789, Klaproth was able to precipitate a yellow compound (likely sodium diuranate) by dissolving pitchblende in nitric acid and neutralizing the solution with sodium hydroxide.[31] Klaproth assumed the yellow substance was the oxide of a yet-undiscovered element and heated it with charcoal to obtain a black powder, which he thought was the newly discovered metal itself (in fact, that powder was an oxide of uranium).[31][34] He named the newly discovered element after the planet Uranus (named after the primordial Greek god of the sky), which had been discovered eight years earlier by William Herschel.[35]
In 1841, Eugène-Melchior Péligot, Professor of Analytical Chemistry at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (Central School of Arts and Manufactures) in Paris, isolated the first sample of uranium metal by heating uranium tetrachloride with potassium.[31][36]
Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity by using uranium in 1896.[15] Becquerel made the discovery in Paris by leaving a sample of a uranium salt, K2UO2(SO4)2 (potassium uranyl sulfate), on top of an unexposed photographic plate in a drawer and noting that the plate had become "fogged".[37] He determined that a form of invisible light or rays emitted by uranium had exposed the plate.
During World War I when the Central Powers suffered a shortage of molybdenum to make artillery gun barrels and high speed tool steels they routinely substituted ferrouranium alloys which present many of the same physical characteristics. When this practice became known in 1916 the USA government requested several prominent universities to research these uses for uranium and tools made with these formulas remained in use for several decades only ending when the Manhattan Project and the Cold War placed a large demand on uranium for fission research and weapon development.[38][39][40]
A team led by Enrico Fermi in 1934 observed that bombarding uranium with neutrons produces the emission of beta rays (electrons or positrons from the elements produced; see beta particle).[41] The fission products were at first mistaken for new elements with atomic numbers 93 and 94, which the Dean of the Faculty of Rome, Orso Mario Corbino, christened ausonium and hesperium, respectively.[42][43][44][45] The experiments leading to the discovery of uranium's ability to fission (break apart) into lighter elements and release binding energy were conducted by Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann[41] in Hahn's laboratory in Berlin. Lise Meitner and her nephew, the physicist Otto Robert Frisch, published the physical explanation in February 1939 and named the process "nuclear fission".[46] Soon after, Fermi hypothesized that the fission of uranium might release enough neutrons to sustain a fission reaction. Confirmation of this hypothesis came in 1939, and later work found that on average about 2.5 neutrons are released by each fission of the rare uranium isotope uranium-235.[41] Fermi urged Alfred O. C. Nier to separate uranium isotopes for determination of the fissile component, and on 29 February 1940, Nier used an instrument he built at the University of Minnesota to separate the world's first uranium-235 sample in the Tate Laboratory. After mailed to Columbia University's cyclotron, John Dunning confirmed the sample to be the isolated fissile material on 1 March.[47] Further work found that the far more common uranium-238 isotope can be transmuted into plutonium, which, like uranium-235, is also fissile by thermal neutrons. These discoveries led numerous countries to begin working on the development of nuclear weapons and nuclear power. Despite fission having been discovered in Germany, the Uranverein ("uranium club") Germany's wartime project to research nuclear power and/or weapons was hampered by limited resources, infighting, the exile or non-involvement of several prominent scientists in the field and several crucial mistakes such as failing to account for impurities in available graphite samples which made it appear less suitable as a neutron moderator than it is in reality. Germany's attempts to build a natural uranium / heavy water reactor had not come close to reaching criticality by the time the Americans reached Haigerloch, the site of the last German wartime reactor experiment.[48]
On 2 December 1942, as part of the Manhattan Project, another team led by Enrico Fermi was able to initiate the first artificial self-sustained nuclear chain reaction, Chicago Pile-1. An initial plan using enriched uranium-235 was abandoned as it was as yet unavailable in sufficient quantities.[49] Working in a lab below the stands of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago, the team created the conditions needed for such a reaction by piling together 360 tonnes of graphite, 53 tonnes of uranium oxide, and 5.5 tonnes of uranium metal, a majority of which was supplied by Westinghouse Lamp Plant in a makeshift production process.[41][50]
Two major types of atomic bombs were developed by the United States during World War II: a uranium-based device (codenamed "Little Boy") whose fissile material was highly enriched uranium, and a plutonium-based device (see Trinity test and "Fat Man") whose plutonium was derived from uranium-238. The uranium-based Little Boy device became the first nuclear weapon used in war when it was detonated over the Japanese city of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945. Exploding with a yield equivalent to 12,500 tonnes of trinitrotoluene, the blast and thermal wave of the bomb destroyed nearly 50,000 buildings and killed approximately 75,000 people (see Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki).[37] Initially it was believed that uranium was relatively rare, and that nuclear proliferation could be avoided by simply buying up all known uranium stocks, but within a decade large deposits of it were discovered in many places around the world.[51][52]
The X-10 Graphite Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, formerly known as the Clinton Pile and X-10 Pile, was the world's second artificial nuclear reactor (after Enrico Fermi's Chicago Pile) and was the first reactor designed and built for continuous operation. Argonne National Laboratory's Experimental Breeder Reactor I, located at the Atomic Energy Commission's National Reactor Testing Station near Arco, Idaho, became the first nuclear reactor to create electricity on 20 December 1951.[53] Initially, four 150-watt light bulbs were lit by the reactor, but improvements eventually enabled it to power the whole facility (later, the town of Arco became the first in the world to have all its electricity come from nuclear power generated by BORAX-III, another reactor designed and operated by Argonne National Laboratory).[54][55] The world's first commercial scale nuclear power station, Obninsk in the Soviet Union, began generation with its reactor AM-1 on 27 June 1954. Other early nuclear power plants were Calder Hall in England, which began generation on 17 October 1956,[56] and the Shippingport Atomic Power Station in Pennsylvania, which began on 26 May 1958. Nuclear power was used for the first time for propulsion by a submarine, the USS Nautilus, in 1954.[41][57]
Prehistoric naturally occurring fission Main article: Natural nuclear fission reactor In 1972, the French physicist Francis Perrin discovered fifteen ancient and no longer active natural nuclear fission reactors in three separate ore deposits at the Oklo mine in Gabon, West Africa, collectively known as the Oklo Fossil Reactors. The ore deposit is 1.7 billion years old; then, uranium-235 constituted about 3% of the total uranium on Earth.[58] This is high enough to permit a sustained nuclear fission chain reaction to occur, provided other supporting conditions exist. The capacity of the surrounding sediment to contain the health-threatening nuclear waste products has been cited by the U.S. federal government as supporting evidence for the feasibility to store spent nuclear fuel at the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository.[58]
Above-ground nuclear tests by the Soviet Union and the United States in the 1950s and early 1960s and by France into the 1970s and 1980s[23] spread a significant amount of fallout from uranium daughter isotopes around the world.[59] Additional fallout and pollution occurred from several nuclear accidents.[60]
Uranium miners have a higher incidence of cancer. An excess risk of lung cancer among Navajo uranium miners, for example, has been documented and linked to their occupation.[61] The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act, a 1990 law in the US, required $100,000 in "compassion payments" to uranium miners diagnosed with cancer or other respiratory ailments.[62]
During the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, huge stockpiles of uranium were amassed and tens of thousands of nuclear weapons were created using enriched uranium and plutonium made from uranium. After the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, an estimated 600 short tons (540 metric tons) of highly enriched weapons grade uranium (enough to make 40,000 nuclear warheads) had been stored in often inadequately guarded facilities in the Russian Federation and several other former Soviet states.[16] Police in Asia, Europe, and South America on at least 16 occasions from 1993 to 2005 have intercepted shipments of smuggled bomb-grade uranium or plutonium, most of which was from ex-Soviet sources.[16] From 1993 to 2005 the Material Protection, Control, and Accounting Program, operated by the federal government of the United States, spent approximately US $550 million to help safeguard uranium and plutonium stockpiles in Russia. This money was used for improvements and security enhancements at research and storage facilities.[16]
Safety of nuclear facilities in Russia has been significantly improved since the stabilization of political and economical turmoil of the early 1990s. For example, in 1993 there were 29 incidents ranking above level 1 on the International Nuclear Event Scale, and this number dropped under four per year in 1995–2003. The number of employers receiving annual radiation doses above 20 mSv, which is equivalent to a single full-body CT scan,[63] saw a strong decline around 2000. In November 2015, the Russian government approved a federal program for nuclear and radiation safety for 2016 to 2030 with a budget of 562 billion rubles (ca. 8 billion dollars). Its key issue is "the deferred liabilities accumulated during the 70 years of the nuclear industry, particularly during the time of the Soviet Union". Approximately 73% of the budget will be spent on decommissioning aged and obsolete nuclear reactors and nuclear facilities, especially those involved in state defense programs; 20% will go in processing and disposal of nuclear fuel and radioactive waste, and 5% into monitoring and ensuring of nuclear and radiation safety.[64]
Along with all elements having atomic weights higher than that of iron, uranium is only naturally formed by the r-process (rapid neutron capture) in supernovae and neutron star mergers.[65] Primordial thorium and uranium are only produced in the r-process, because the s-process (slow neutron capture) is too slow and cannot pass the gap of instability after bismuth.[66][67] Besides the two extant primordial uranium isotopes, 235U and 238U, the r-process also produced significant quantities of 236U, which has a shorter half-life and so is an extinct radionuclide, having long since decayed completely to 232Th. Uranium-236 was itself enriched by the decay of 244Pu, accounting for the observed higher-than-expected abundance of thorium and lower-than-expected abundance of uranium.[68] While the natural abundance of uranium has been supplemented by the decay of extinct 242Pu (half-life 0.375 million years) and 247Cm (half-life 16 million years), producing 238U and 235U respectively, this occurred to an almost negligible extent due to the shorter half-lives of these parents and their lower production than 236U and 244Pu, the parents of thorium: the 247Cm:235U ratio at the formation of the Solar System was (7.0±1.6)×10−5.[69]
Uranium is a naturally occurring element that can be found in low levels within all rock, soil, and water. Uranium is the 51st element in order of abundance in the Earth's crust. Uranium is also the highest-numbered element to be found naturally in significant quantities on Earth and is almost always found combined with other elements.[10] The decay of uranium, thorium, and potassium-40 in the Earth's mantle is thought to be the main source of heat[70][71] that keeps the Earth's outer core in the liquid state and drives mantle convection, which in turn drives plate tectonics.
Uranium's average concentration in the Earth's crust is (depending on the reference) 2 to 4 parts per million,[9][23] or about 40 times as abundant as silver.[15] The Earth's crust from the surface to 25 km (15 mi) down is calculated to contain 1017 kg (2×1017 lb) of uranium while the oceans may contain 1013 kg (2×1013 lb).[9] The concentration of uranium in soil ranges from 0.7 to 11 parts per million (up to 15 parts per million in farmland soil due to use of phosphate fertilizers),[72] and its concentration in sea water is 3 parts per billion.[23]
Uranium is more plentiful than antimony, tin, cadmium, mercury, or silver, and it is about as abundant as arsenic or molybdenum.[10][23] Uranium is found in hundreds of minerals, including uraninite (the most common uranium ore), carnotite, autunite, uranophane, torbernite, and coffinite.[10] Significant concentrations of uranium occur in some substances such as phosphate rock deposits, and minerals such as lignite, and monazite sands in uranium-rich ores[10] (it is recovered commercially from sources with as little as 0.1% uranium[15]).
Some bacteria, such as Shewanella putrefaciens, Geobacter metallireducens and some strains of Burkholderia fungorum, use uranium for their growth and convert U(VI) to U(IV).[73][74] Recent research suggests that this pathway includes reduction of the soluble U(VI) via an intermediate U(V) pentavalent state.[75][76] Other organisms, such as the lichen Trapelia involuta or microorganisms such as the bacterium Citrobacter, can absorb concentrations of uranium that are up to 300 times the level of their environment.[77] Citrobacter species absorb uranyl ions when given glycerol phosphate (or other similar organic phosphates). After one day, one gram of bacteria can encrust themselves with nine grams of uranyl phosphate crystals; this creates the possibility that these organisms could be used in bioremediation to decontaminate uranium-polluted water.[31][78] The proteobacterium Geobacter has also been shown to bioremediate uranium in ground water.[79] The mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices increases uranium content in the roots of its symbiotic plant.[80]
In nature, uranium(VI) forms highly soluble carbonate complexes at alkaline pH. This leads to an increase in mobility and availability of uranium to groundwater and soil from nuclear wastes which leads to health hazards. However, it is difficult to precipitate uranium as phosphate in the presence of excess carbonate at alkaline pH. A Sphingomonas sp. strain BSAR-1 has been found to express a high activity alkaline phosphatase (PhoK) that has been applied for bioprecipitation of uranium as uranyl phosphate species from alkaline solutions. The precipitation ability was enhanced by overexpressing PhoK protein in E. coli.[81]
Plants absorb some uranium from soil. Dry weight concentrations of uranium in plants range from 5 to 60 parts per billion, and ash from burnt wood can have concentrations up to 4 parts per million.[31] Dry weight concentrations of uranium in food plants are typically lower with one to two micrograms per day ingested through the food people eat.[31]
Production and mining Main article: Uranium mining Worldwide production of uranium in 2021 amounted to 48,332 tonnes, of which 21,819 t (45%) was mined in Kazakhstan. Other important urmom mining countries are Namibia (5,753 t), Canada (4,693 t), Australia (4,192 t), Uzbekistan (3,500 t), and Russia (2,635 t).[82]
Uranium ore is mined in several ways: by open pit, underground, in-situ leaching, and borehole mining (see uranium mining).[7] Low-grade uranium ore mined typically contains 0.01 to 0.25% uranium oxides. Extensive measures must be employed to extract the metal from its ore.[83] High-grade ores found in Athabasca Basin deposits in Saskatchewan, Canada can contain up to 23% uranium oxides on average.[84] Uranium ore is crushed and rendered into a fine powder and then leached with either an acid or alkali. The leachate is subjected to one of several sequences of precipitation, solvent extraction, and ion exchange. The resulting mixture, called yellowcake, contains at least 75% uranium oxides U3O8. Yellowcake is then calcined to remove impurities from the milling process before refining and conversion.[85]
Commercial-grade uranium can be produced through the reduction of uranium halides with alkali or alkaline earth metals.[10] Uranium metal can also be prepared through electrolysis of KUF 5 or UF 4, dissolved in molten calcium chloride (CaCl 2) and sodium chloride (NaCl) solution.[10] Very pure uranium is produced through the thermal decomposition of uranium halides on a hot filament.[10]
It is estimated that 6.1 million tonnes of uranium exists in ore reserves that are economically viable at US$130 per kg of uranium,[87] while 35 million tonnes are classed as mineral resources (reasonable prospects for eventual economic extraction).[88]
Australia has 28% of the world's known uranium ore reserves[87] and the world's largest single uranium deposit is located at the Olympic Dam Mine in South Australia.[89] There is a significant reserve of uranium in Bakouma, a sub-prefecture in the prefecture of Mbomou in the Central African Republic.[90]
Some uranium also originates from dismantled nuclear weapons.[91] For example, in 1993–2013 Russia supplied the United States with 15,000 tonnes of low-enriched uranium within the Megatons to Megawatts Program.[92]
An additional 4.6 billion tonnes of uranium are estimated to be dissolved in sea water (Japanese scientists in the 1980s showed that extraction of uranium from sea water using ion exchangers was technically feasible).[93][94] There have been experiments to extract uranium from sea water,[95] but the yield has been low due to the carbonate present in the water. In 2012, ORNL researchers announced the successful development of a new absorbent material dubbed HiCap which performs surface retention of solid or gas molecules, atoms or ions and also effectively removes toxic metals from water, according to results verified by researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.[96][97]
In 2005, ten countries accounted for the majority of the world's concentrated uranium oxides: Canada (27.9%), Australia (22.8%), Kazakhstan (10.5%), Russia (8.0%), Namibia (7.5%), Niger (7.4%), Uzbekistan (5.5%), the United States (2.5%), Argentina (2.1%) and Ukraine (1.9%).[99] In 2008 Kazakhstan was forecast to increase production and become the world's largest supplier of uranium by 2009.[100][101] The prediction came true, and Kazakhstan does dominate the world's uranium market since 2010. In 2021, its share was 45.1%, followed by Namibia (11.9%), Canada (9.7%), Australia (8.7%), Uzbekistan (7.2%), Niger (4.7%), Russia (5.5%), China (3.9%), India (1.3%), Ukraine (0.9%), and South Africa (0.8%), with a world total production of 48,332 tonnes.[82] Most of uranium was produced not by conventional underground mining of ores (29% of production), but by in situ leaching (66%).[82][102]
In the late 1960s, UN geologists also discovered major uranium deposits and other rare mineral reserves in Somalia. The find was the largest of its kind, with industry experts estimating the deposits at over 25% of the world's then known uranium reserves of 800,000 tons.[103]
The ultimate available supply is believed to be sufficient for at least the next 85 years,[88] although some studies indicate underinvestment in the late twentieth century may produce supply problems in the 21st century.[104] Uranium deposits seem to be log-normal distributed. There is a 300-fold increase in the amount of uranium recoverable for each tenfold decrease in ore grade.[105] In other words, there is little high grade ore and proportionately much more low grade ore available.
Calcined uranium yellowcake, as produced in many large mills, contains a distribution of uranium oxidation species in various forms ranging from most oxidized to least oxidized. Particles with short residence times in a calciner will generally be less oxidized than those with long retention times or particles recovered in the stack scrubber. Uranium content is usually referenced to U 3O 8, which dates to the days of the Manhattan Project when U 3O 8 was used as an analytical chemistry reporting standard.[106]
Phase relationships in the uranium-oxygen system are complex. The most important oxidation states of uranium are uranium(IV) and uranium(VI), and their two corresponding oxides are, respectively, uranium dioxide (UO 2) and uranium trioxide (UO 3).[107] Other uranium oxides such as uranium monoxide (UO), diuranium pentoxide (U 2O 5), and uranium peroxide (UO 4·2H 2O) also exist.
The most common forms of uranium oxide are triuranium octoxide (U 3O 8) and UO 2.[108] Both oxide forms are solids that have low solubility in water and are relatively stable over a wide range of environmental conditions. Triuranium octoxide is (depending on conditions) the most stable compound of uranium and is the form most commonly found in nature. Uranium dioxide is the form in which uranium is most commonly used as a nuclear reactor fuel.[108] At ambient temperatures, UO 2 will gradually convert to U 3O 8. Because of their stability, uranium oxides are generally considered the preferred chemical form for storage or disposal.[108]
Salts of many oxidation states of uranium are water-soluble and may be studied in aqueous solutions. The most common ionic forms are U3+ (brown-red), U4+ (green), UO+ 2 (unstable), and UO2+ 2 (yellow), for U(III), U(IV), U(V), and U(VI), respectively.[109] A few solid and semi-metallic compounds such as UO and US exist for the formal oxidation state uranium(II), but no simple ions are known to exist in solution for that state. Ions of U3+ liberate hydrogen from water and are therefore considered to be highly unstable. The UO2+ 2 ion represents the uranium(VI) state and is known to form compounds such as uranyl carbonate, uranyl chloride and uranyl sulfate. UO2+ 2 also forms complexes with various organic chelating agents, the most commonly encountered of which is uranyl acetate.[109]
Unlike the uranyl salts of uranium and polyatomic ion uranium-oxide cationic forms, the uranates, salts containing a polyatomic uranium-oxide anion, are generally not water-soluble.
Carbonates The interactions of carbonate anions with uranium(VI) cause the Pourbaix diagram to change greatly when the medium is changed from water to a carbonate containing solution. While the vast majority of carbonates are insoluble in water (students are often taught that all carbonates other than those of alkali metals are insoluble in water), uranium carbonates are often soluble in water. This is because a U(VI) cation is able to bind two terminal oxides and three or more carbonates to form anionic complexes.
Effects of pH The uranium fraction diagrams in the presence of carbonate illustrate this further: when the pH of a uranium(VI) solution increases, the uranium is converted to a hydrated uranium oxide hydroxide and at high pHs it becomes an anionic hydroxide complex.
When carbonate is added, uranium is converted to a series of carbonate complexes if the pH is increased. One effect of these reactions is increased solubility of uranium in the pH range 6 to 8, a fact that has a direct bearing on the long term stability of spent uranium dioxide nuclear fuels.
Hydrides, carbides and nitrides Uranium metal heated to 250 to 300 °C (482 to 572 °F) reacts with hydrogen to form uranium hydride. Even higher temperatures will reversibly remove the hydrogen. This property makes uranium hydrides convenient starting materials to create reactive uranium powder along with various uranium carbide, nitride, and halide compounds.[111] Two crystal modifications of uranium hydride exist: an α form that is obtained at low temperatures and a β form that is created when the formation temperature is above 250 °C.[111]
Uranium carbides and uranium nitrides are both relatively inert semimetallic compounds that are minimally soluble in acids, react with water, and can ignite in air to form U 3O 8.[111] Carbides of uranium include uranium monocarbide (UC), uranium dicarbide (UC 2), and diuranium tricarbide (U 2C 3). Both UC and UC 2 are formed by adding carbon to molten uranium or by exposing the metal to carbon monoxide at high temperatures. Stable below 1800 °C, U 2C 3 is prepared by subjecting a heated mixture of UC and UC 2 to mechanical stress.[112] Uranium nitrides obtained by direct exposure of the metal to nitrogen include uranium mononitride (UN), uranium dinitride (UN 2), and diuranium trinitride (U 2N 3).[112]
submitted by Choice-Bake7922 to shittymcsuggestions [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:30 Terianky [M4F] An unlikely partnership between a halfling wizard and [your OC], a medieval high fantasy adventure with a sweet unexpected slowburn romance (D&D).

Hey there, I'm looking for a fairly literate partner, to have a medieval high fantasy roleplay in a vast world with many races (the classic D&D ones: humans, elfs, drows, dwarfs, orcs... but I don’t do furries) ; magic and witchcraft, spirits and demons, mystical beasts and even more mystical characters ; other than that, the story takes place in a vast continent called Artasol where kings, lords, dukes and chieftans are all engaged in intense rivalries, some of which have turned into bitter conflicts where unexpected events are to be expected.
I will play as Aaryn Newtan, an introverted young halfling of the neurotic type, he has a small stature and innocent features, spent most of his time in his house's study devouring the book collection which his father left behind before he disappeared. Early on in his life he discovered his talent for magic and eventually decided to become his little village's expert in all things related to magic, alchemy and medicine even though he isn't much of an expert compared to the highly educated and trained mages of the world. A strange encounter made him leave his cozy shielded village searching for answers surrounding his father in a world filled with unrest, deadly beasts and dark ruthless powers, but also beautiful regions, colorful characters and kindness. And in the midst of it all, he’ll meet your character, you could make her be whatever you want but I do have a penchant for unlikely pairings. Also, since almost every partner I've had for this prompt has proposed a magic user, I'd prefer to try this rp with a partner who'd play a martial kind of character. So let us travel through the Maerth plains where the wonderous magic of the first druids is said to manifest itself, or let us go through the Athlermon ruins to investigate and see what remains of the ancient treasures of a dead empire, or maybe we should go see the great city of Thermidia and watch the incredible palace which the dwarfs built into the mountains as they dominated the stone and made a city out of it.
I play in third person, use ref pics, and need a proactive partner since I've already built the outlines of a world and some intrigue points but would love to find someone who'd build along and expand this idea and plot with me, out of character discussion of the plot is encouraged. PLEASE have AT LEAST a ref pic, a name and a goal/plotline for your character, I will not write a plotline for your character and if your character is just going to be reacting to events without actually contributing to the story then I don’t think this rp is right for you.
submitted by Terianky to Roleplay [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:20 AutoModerator [Get] Robert Kyosaki Ultimate Courses Collection Bundle List in the description!

Get the collection here: [Get] Robert Kyosaki Ultimate Courses Collection📷 What’s Included in the collection?
submitted by AutoModerator to CoursesForCheap23 [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:13 The_Cancer_777 Proximicraft - server /community! [Java/Bedrock] [Semi-Vanilla] [Towny] [Survival] [Community]

Proximicraft - server /community! [Java/Bedrock] [Semi-Vanilla] [Towny] [Survival] [Community]
Proximicraft is a brand new towny SMP server & community with big ambitions!
Overall we aim for a semi-vanilla survival experience without gamebreaking plugins. No flying, no creative mode, no teleporting. You have to really work and earn to get what you want!
We setup a small diamond-based economy. Money earned can be spent by trading with other players or by spending it in the towny plugin. Towny allows you to found your own city / nation and share it with your friends!
So far the world is quite unclaimed.. so now is the time to join our great endeavor! Feel free to join our discord and have a chat with us! :)
See our community guidelines to get a deeper understanding into how we want to operate:
Community-driven development
We strongly believe that the players know best what they want. No server owner nor admin/moderator should decide alone which features and mechanics we are implementing. Every player interested can get actively involved into the decision process of priorizing new features and should be able to participate in the development the way he wants to. We will therefore provide a platform which allows everyone to play an important role in our community!
Technical excellence
Providing a stable and secure server infrastructure is the very foundation of a minecraft server. The server owner is a professional cloud engineer with over 10 years of experience in building reliable software platforms for enterprise customers. We host only on renowned cloud providers which allow us 100% full control over our server infrastructure and providing us with dedicated hardware. Automated backup mechanisms (and testing them) are as important as security hardening, high uptime and a lag-free experience.
Without commitment from the community and organic growth from within, our server can not thrive. We all are equally responsible for the success or failure of this endeavor.
Server: Map: Discord:
We are looking forward to you :D
submitted by The_Cancer_777 to MinecraftServerFinder [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:11 Chill_Natsu [M4F] Fantasy World Building

Basic Info About Me:

IF YOU ARE UNDER 18+ DON'T BOTHER READING AHEAD! I stopped doing Adv. Lit. Novella Length Posts. I am more comfortable with 2-4 paragraphs now to keep the flow going. 1st or 3rd person doesn't matter to me. Whatever my partner is comfortable with. If I don't respond right away it's most likely because Reddit didn't notify me on phone. I'll get to you as soon as I can. Oh yeah. Send it through chat/messages and not through Comment section because I rarely read that area.
I rather not mention anymore that I'm looking for Long-term or Short-term storylines because my version of LT can be different from yours. Like they say Quality>Quantity. I've had storylines that lasted weeks/months/years. If you see a problem with the storyline, feel free to talk about it. It's easier to adapt using constructive criticism than to ghost someone. Don't waste both of our times. Just have fun. It's the most important part about Roleplaying.
Prompt Time:
Since I'm trying to build a world from scratch I have to keep this vague but basic plot points will be listed to help mix/match our ideas. I'll make a simple list with some ideas placed in between them. We can work out the rest.
submitted by Chill_Natsu to roleplaying [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:09 The_Cancer_777 Proximicraft - server /community! [Java/Bedrock] [Semi-Vanilla] [Towny] [Survival] [Community]

Proximicraft - server /community! [Java/Bedrock] [Semi-Vanilla] [Towny] [Survival] [Community]
Proximicraft is a brand new towny SMP server & community with big ambitions!
Overall we aim for a semi-vanilla survival experience without gamebreaking plugins. No flying, no creative mode, no teleporting. You have to really work and earn to get what you want!
We setup a small diamond-based economy. Money earned can be spent by trading with other players or by spending it in the towny plugin. Towny allows you to found your own city / nation and share it with your friends!
So far the world is quite unclaimed.. so now is the time to join our great endeavor! Feel free to join our discord and have a chat with us! :)
See our community guidelines to get a deeper understanding into how we want to operate:
Community-driven development
We strongly believe that the players know best what they want. No server owner nor admin/moderator should decide alone which features and mechanics we are implementing. Every player interested can get actively involved into the decision process of priorizing new features and should be able to participate in the development the way he wants to. We will therefore provide a platform which allows everyone to play an important role in our community!
Technical excellence
Providing a stable and secure server infrastructure is the very foundation of a minecraft server. The server owner is a professional cloud engineer with over 10 years of experience in building reliable software platforms for enterprise customers. We host only on renowned cloud providers which allow us 100% full control over our server infrastructure and providing us with dedicated hardware. Automated backup mechanisms (and testing them) are as important as security hardening, high uptime and a lag-free experience.
Without commitment from the community and organic growth from within, our server can not thrive. We all are equally responsible for the success or failure of this endeavor.
Server: Map: Discord:
We are looking forward to you :D
submitted by The_Cancer_777 to MinecraftServer [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:01 Annual-Ad-3096 Our fodcast is the new source of information for NEWSPAPERS NOW?

Our fodcast is the new source of information for NEWSPAPERS NOW?
Pune Mirror, 30th March, 2023. Literally one day after the boys mentioned it on the podcast
submitted by Annual-Ad-3096 to theinternetsaidso [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 06:01 iFister Hi! I am 23 and work a minimum wage job in NYC and I'm looking for a place to live that is cheap and affordable.

I was living with my parents but now they want me to move out and live on my own. We were living in NYCHA housing building. How do I find a place to live in this very expensive city. I only make minimum wage.
submitted by iFister to AskNYC [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 05:58 thesoleyid what bnei brak yeshiva and a New Hampshire boarding school in have in common

The Yeshiva in Bnei Brak Ponovitch is a traditional Jewish institution of higher learning located in Bnei Brak, a city near Tel Aviv, Israel. The Yeshiva is known for its rigorous academic program that focuses on the study of the Torah and Talmud, the central texts of Judaism. The student population at the Yeshiva is predominantly male, and most students come from Orthodox Jewish families who seek to deepen their understanding of Jewish traditions and teachings. The Yeshiva is known for its strict adherence to Jewish law and its emphasis on religious observance.
Hampshire Country School, on the other hand, is a private boarding school located in Rindge, New Hampshire, USA. Hampshire Country School is a co-educational institution that caters to children with learning differences, such as dyslexia, ADHD, and executive functioning challenges. The school offers a specialized program that emphasizes project-based learning, experiential education, and individualized support for students. The student population at Hampshire Country School is diverse, with students from various cultural, racial, and socioeconomic backgrounds.
Despite the differences in their location, student population, and curriculum, the Yeshiva in Bnei Brak Ponovitch and Hampshire Country School share some similarities. Both institutions prioritize the development of critical thinking skills and encourage students to question and analyze information. Additionally, both schools aim to foster a sense of community among their students and promote social and emotional development.
However, the Yeshiva in Bnei Brak Ponovitch and Hampshire Country School differ significantly in their approach to education. The Yeshiva places a strong emphasis on religious studies and adheres to a traditional Jewish curriculum. The study of the Torah and Talmud is central to the academic program, and students are expected to devote a significant amount of time to religious observance and prayer. In contrast, Hampshire Country School offers a secular, experiential curriculum that focuses on project-based learning and individualized instruction. Students at Hampshire Country School are encouraged to explore their interests and pursue their passions, with the support of their teachers and peers.
In conclusion, the Yeshiva in Bnei Brak Ponovitch and Hampshire Country School are two very different educational institutions that cater to different student populations and have different educational goals. While the Yeshiva focuses on religious studies and adherence to Jewish law, Hampshire Country School offers a secular, experiential curriculum that emphasizes individualized instruction and support for students with learning differences. Despite their differences, both schools share a commitment to academic excellence, critical thinking, and community building, and offer unique opportunities for students to grow and develop.
submitted by thesoleyid to BoardingSchool_Juliet [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 05:58 blondedigor How do I make snowballs break blocks in bedrock edition?

I need to clear out an area in a regular map for a city I'm building and it would take way too long to break that many blocks one by one. I saw some people use snowballs to do this but I cant find an updated command that works for the current version of bedrock. Thanks! edit: btw in case this matters i tested what i think like ~-18 ~-3 ~-18 ~18 ~ ~18 size deletion with just the fill command and i pretty much like that size maybe a little smaller
submitted by blondedigor to MinecraftCommands [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 05:57 iFister Hi! I am 23 and work a minimum wage job in NYC and I'm looking for a place to live that is cheap and affordable.

I was living with my parents but now they want me to move out and live on my own. We were living in NYCHA housing building. How do I find a place to live in this very expensive city.
submitted by iFister to NYCapartments [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 05:57 CountyAssessor Property Valuation Notices

If you haven't received yours in the mail already, you probably will soon. It will contain a few bits of information from your Assessor...

Let's break each of these down and go into greater depth...

Your Property's Classification This one is about as straightforward as it gets. Is your property being used as a residence? An office? A warehouse? A school? A convenience store? A hospital? Minnesota has plenty of classification codes, but it's usually easy to tell how a property is being used.
Your Property's Valuation This is where things get complicated. There are three basic methods to calculate a property's estimated market value (EMV):
At least one of these approaches will be used to calculate your property's EMV, and the Minnesota Department of Revenue mandates Assessors to calculate properties' values within 90%-105% of what a property would realistically sell for on the open market. (Many County Assessors will target 95% because it's very easy to defend.)
Single-family homes typically use the sales comparison approach... unless they are fresh-built, then they might use the cost approach if the Assessor finds that to be more realistic.
A strip mall will probably use the income approach based on the market rates in that area. Or, if it's fresh-built, the Assessor might use the cost approach instead.
Those are just a couple examples.
A Quick Note Before Discussing Appeals Your typical County Assessor understands the classification and EMV of a property has the biggest impact on the size of your school, county, and state property tax bill... but has no control over the budgets of your school, county, or state. As one county administrator put it, "The school, county, and state all decide how big the pizza is... the County Assessor only decides how big each person's slice is." In other words, these units of government set their budgets (or levies), then the County Auditor uses the County Assessor's classifications and EMVs to figure out what that property's portion of the property tax bill should be. So it's understandable someone might want to appeal their property's classification and/or EMV for property tax reasons, but the County Assessor is only interested in making sure the property's classification matches its current use, and its EMV is reflective of what it would sell for on the open market as of January 2, 2023.

How to Appeal Your Property's Classification and/or EMV

There's three basic methods to appeal your classification and/or EMV: you can do an informal appeal, you can appeal through the local and county boards of appeal & equalization, or you can take your county to Minnesota Tax Court.
Informal Appeal This basically means you contact your Assessor and have a conversation about your property's classification and/or EMV. It may or may not result in your classification and/or EMV changing depending on the situation or the outcome of that conversation. The Assessor might ask to perform a complete interior & exterior inspection of your property before making any changes. If all of this is resolved at least 10 days before your Local Board of Appeal & Equalization (LBAE) meeting, a revised Valuation Notice could be mailed out to you, and the whole process is done. If you go past "The 10-Day Window" as we typically call it...
Formal Appeal - Step 1 This is where you have to appeal to your LBAE or Open Book (OB) meeting, depending on which one is mentioned on your Valuation Notice. If you haven't already, have a conversation with your Assessor about your property and see if a resolution can be made, or if an interior & exterior inspection of your property should be done before these meetings.
For a Local Board of Appeal & Equalization (LBAE) meeting, you must contact them and let them know you are appealing your classification and/or EMV. Instructions are on your Valuation Notice. The organizer of the meeting might ask you if you've had a conversation with your Assessor yet. The board consists of your town/city council members, or their designees. If you and your Assessor are unable to reach an agreement, you'll be expected to bring substantial proof of what you believe your property's classification and/or EMV really should be. (Maybe it's a recent appraisal, or a competitive market analysis by a reputable brokerealtor, each Board's requirements will vary; be sure to ask what information the Board wants when you set up your meeting.) Talking about property taxes or your personal finances is not advised since the main purpose of the meeting is to discuss what your property's classification and/or EMV. If you can't appear in person, you can either submit your appeal in writing or send someone else on your behalf. If you and the Assessor are able to reach an agreement before this meeting, there's technically no need for you to show up at the meeting because the Assessor will let the board know an agreement was reached, but I usually recommend my appellants show up anyways since a board can technically decide to reject any agreement if they choose to. It's extremely rare, I've only seen it happen a couple times in the past decade... and it's not fun. Just show up and enjoy watching a small part of your local government at work.
For an Open Book (OB) meeting... well, let's back up for a second. There's a few different reasons why an OB meeting exists...
Regardless of why the OB is happening instead of a legit LBAE, most property owners don't see the point in the OB since it's the County Assessor administering a meeting... to see if the County Assessor's classification and/or EMV should stand. It's kind of a "fox guarding the henhouse" situation, as one property owner told me when they learned their city failed to meet the LBAE requirements and went OB at the last minute... but now I'm drifting from the topic. Anyways. You must attend the OB meeting in-person, send someone on your behalf, or submit a written appeal.
Formal Appeal - Step 2 This is when you appeal to the County Board of Appeal & Equalization (CBAE), and this can only happen if you have appealed to either an LBAE or OB already. It's a board that consists of either your County Commissioners, or their designees. Just like the LBAE, you will be expected to bring some substantial factual proof of what you think your property's classification and/or EMV is, such as an appraisal or competitive market analysis from a reputable brokerealtor. Talking about property taxes or your personal finances is not advised since the main purpose of the meeting is to discuss your property's classification and/or EMV.
Minnesota Tax Court This can happen regardless of whether or not you did any of the other appeal steps. You can decide to hire a lawyer, or you can represent yourself. You will be making your case before a judge of the Minnesota Tax Court under oath, and just as I've said before, talking about property taxes or your personal finances is not advised since the main purpose of the trial is to discuss what your property's classification and/or EMV. Court fees are involved, so it's always best to take care of things on the Local and/or County level if you can.
submitted by CountyAssessor to minnesota [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 05:54 _LegioN7_ 34 [M4F] - Michigan/Anywhere - Nerdy Guy LF Best Friend!

Hey everyone!
I'm 34, M, Chubby/Dad Bod, 6 Tattoos (I want more!), Bearded and 6'!
We all know how difficult it is when you hit 30+ to meet new people, find friends, and even more than that. Feel free to just message me even if you aren't looking for a relationship! I'd love some conversation throughout the day and to make new friends!
I'm just a nerdy guy looking for his best friend.
Are you looking for that consistent text-until-3am person? Do you like having conversation or knowing that I'll try my best to find something to chat about?
We can talk about British TV, or food. We can talk about your favorite concerts or bands. We can talk about how Mass Effect is the best video game series but the remaster was just okay. We can talk about news, or really anything.
Location isn't a huge deal breaker for me. I'm willing to eventually find someone regardless of the location if something happens.
About Me!
What I'm looking for
I'm all for meeting/hanging out in a video game to get to know each other. We can also just chat in Reddit Chat. We can chat on discord once I get to know you!
submitted by _LegioN7_ to R4R30Plus [link] [comments]

2023.03.30 05:47 SwifferBoiMilk HOAs occupied by special agents

So, long story short I have been fighting my HOA for going on two months now. I am trying to get my HOA to sign off on a home business that will literally consist of me working at my computer. No employees. No heavy equipment/machinery. No irregular delivery of packages or freight. Nothing out of the ordinary. No customers visiting my home. No signs posted or anything. But due to the licenses needed at the federal level I am required to get an okay from my city zoning department who requires any at home business have an endorsement from your HOA.
But, I live in a new build subdivision where the HOA is managed by a 3rd party company in another state. After speaking to our subdivisions rep from the management company I found that the board consists of members from the builder. They say that the HOA is to be turned over to the neighborhood once the builder is 100% complete with building. But the covenants covering home businesses are clearly stated and I present more than expected when requesting the board to sign off on the business and the board is now asking for something in writing saying that I will not violate the covenants and then they will need to submit it to the “corporate level” for direction on what to do. It has now been two months since my initial inquiry and countless follow ups. But when asking who is on the HOA board the rep is telling me she is unable to tell me that information as that company is in place to take care of things for the board. I am just asking as I got into a lengthy dispute with a few individuals with the building company when we first moved in as the morning prior to us closing on our home the appliances were stolen out of it and they claimed the home was ours when the theft occurred which after providing proof that was not the case and went up the corporate chain and made a few people look bad they reluctantly fixed the issue. (Police report filed at 0900hrs and closing was at 1600) but I feel as if this is them getting back at me. What can I do? Should I seek legal help?
submitted by SwifferBoiMilk to fuckHOA [link] [comments]